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Factors influencing female patients’ recovery after their first myocardial infarction as experienced by cardiac rehabilitation nurses
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
Högskolan Jönköping.
Högskolan Jönköping.
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4438-6673
2013 (English)In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 3, no 2, 230-240 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In the developed part of the world, coro- nary heart disease is the major cause of death and is one of the leading causes of disease burden. In Swe- den, more than 30,000 people per year are affected by myocardial infarction and out of these approximately 40% are women. Nearly 70% of the women survive and after a myocardial infarction a recovery process follows. Today’s health care focuses more on treat- ment, symptoms and risk factors than on the indi- viduals’ perceptions of the recovery process. Aim: To explore cardiac rehabilitation nurses’ experiences of factors influencing female patients’ recovery after their first myocardial infarction. Methods: Twenty cardiac rehabilitation nurses were interviewed. The study was conducted using qualitative content analy- sis. Results: The cardiac rehabilitation nurses experi- enced that women’s recovery after a first myocardial infarction was influenced whether they had a suppor- tive context, their ability to cope with the stresses of life, if they wanted to be involved in their own per- sonal care and how they related to themselves. Con- clusions: Women’s recovery after a myocardial in- farction was influenced by factors related to sur- roundings as well as own individual factors. The un- derlying meaning of women’s recovery can be de- scribed as the transition process of a recovery to health. Our findings suggest that a focus on person- centered nursing would be beneficial in order to promote the every woman’s personal and unique re- covery after a myocardial infarction. Finally, the car- diac rehabilitation nurses’ experiences of factors influencing male patients’ recovery after their first myo- cardial infarction should be important to investigate. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Irvine, CA: Scientific Research Publishing, 2013. Vol. 3, no 2, 230-240 p.
Keyword [en]
Cardiac Rehabilitation Nurses; Myocardial Infarction; Recovery; Transition Process; Women
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-24101DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.32032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-24101DiVA: diva2:676500
Available from: 2013-12-06 Created: 2013-12-06 Last updated: 2014-11-10Bibliographically approved

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Wieslander, IngerSvedberg, Petra
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