Lactobacilli Suppress Gene Expression of Key Proteins Involved in miRNA Biogenesis in HT29 and VK2/E6E7 Cells
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
It has previously been demonstrated that lactic acid bacteria are able to influence the innate immune response of host cells. One way this can be achieved is through modulation of inflammatory cascades initiated by pattern recognition elements such as toll-like receptors. Micro RNA can also have an effect on innate immunity, and has been shown to have an influence in regulation of these pathways in immune responsive cells. However, it is yet to be determined if the interaction between lactic acid bacteria and host cells involves regulation of the RNA interference machinery involved in micro RNA biogenesis. Three of the key proteins responsible for miRNA production and activation are Argonaute 2, Dicer and Drosha. Together, these are responsible for the processing and activation of miRNA to enable post-transcriptional gene regulation. In this study we have used quantitative PCR to evaluate changes in gene expression of these enzymes in HT29 and VK2/E6E7 mucosal epithelial cells after treatment with Lactobacillus and uropathogenic bacteria. We have found that bacterial treatment downregulates gene expression of elements responsible for miRNA biogenesis, and our results showed different responses dependent on the cell line. In addition to this we have also determined stable reference genes for use in further studies involving this model. Our findings indicate that modulation of the RNAi machinery might be an important element of immune regulation by bacterial colonists.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 31 p.
Argonaute, Dicer, Drosha
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32633OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-32633DiVA: diva2:675844
Subject / course