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Livskvalitet efter intensivvård: Upplevelser ur patientens perspektiv, en deskriptiv litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva hur patienter som vårdats på IVA upplever sin livskvalitet efter att ha kommit hem. Vidare var syftet att bedöma och beskriva kvaliteten på de ingående artiklarna utifrån den metodologiska aspekten urval och bortfall. Litteraturstudien hade en deskriptiv design med kvalitativ ansats. Till litteraturstudien analyserades 14 kvalitativa artiklar som hittades genom sökning i Pubmed, Cinahl och PsycINFO samt manuell sökning. Upplevelsen av livskvalitet relaterades till tre huvudkategorier. Huvudresultatet visade att patienter upplevde sin livskvalitet som försämrad när de kommit hem efter utskrivning från sjukhus, men att den vanligtvis förbättrades succesivt med tiden. Hur livskvaliteten höjdes eller sänktes var beroende av patienternas copingstrategier. Typ av urval beskrevs tydligt i tio artiklar, resterande fyra beskrev inte urvalstyp. Bortfall beskrevs i elva artiklar. Slutsatsen var att relationer och samspel med närstående var betydelsefulla copingstrategier och inverkade på patienternas livskvalitet. Information om realistiska förväntningar ansågs saknas i omvårdnaden. Författarna ansåg att mer information och stöd behövs till patienter och närstående angående realistiska förväntningar efter IVA. Författarna anser vidare att patienterna bör erbjudas personligt uppföljningsstöd.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe how patients admitted to ICU experience their quality of life (QOL) after coming home. A further aim was to assess and describe the quality of the included articles according to the methodological aspect selection and nonresponse bias. The literature study had a descriptive design with a qualitative approach. For the literature study 14 articles were analyzed. The articles were found by searching Pubmed, Cinahl, PsycINFO and by manual search. The experience of quality of life was related to three main categories. The main results showed that patients experienced their QOL as impaired after coming home from the hospital, but usually improved gradually with time. How the QOL was raised or lowered, depended on the patients' coping strategies. Type of selection was described clearly in ten articles, the remaining four described no type of selection. Nonresponse bias was described in eleven articles. The conclusion was that relationships and interactions with relatives were important coping strategies and had an impact on patients QOL. Information about realistic expectations was found missing in nursing. The authors felt that more information and support to patients and relatives is needed about realistic expectations after ICU. The authors consider that patients should be offered a personal follow up support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Quality of Life, post Intensive Care Unit, Patients experience, coping
Keyword [sv]
Livskvalitet, efter IVA, patienters upplevelser, copingstrategier
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15823Archive number: SSKVk11- 21OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-15823DiVA: diva2:675487
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-12-04 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2013-12-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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