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Hala däck vid virkestransporter
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Infrastructure maintenance.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Infrastructure maintenance.
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Loss of tyre grip during timber transport (English)
Abstract [en]

For many years now, road authorities and representatives from the tyre industry have been well aware of the problems associated with tyre grip loss. The loss of grip is described as the tyres had developed some kind of film or coating. Representatives from the tyre industry believe that a likely explanation is that the coating on the tyre is formed from an asphalt residue found in the water on a wet road surface. The residue is made up of road surface particles worn away by, among others, studded tyres. Chemical analysis, carried out in the 1980s, showed that the coating consists of asphalt, various forms of petroleum products, exhaust residue and salt. The problem occurs only in connection with salted roads. The project has covered the following points:

  • Analysis of a survey, sent out to circa 200 hauliers who work in the timber transport industry
  • A more recent chemical analysis of the coating deposited on tyres with grip loss
  • Collection and compilation of data contained in journals of drivers who work with timber transport in Northern Sweden

Drivers recorded among other things weather, road conditions, traction, and tyre feel. The journal data was supplemented by details of any maintenance measures taken by road managers. The data has been analysed in order to find a trigger pattern for the loss of tyre grip.

Abstract [sv]

Problemet med hala däck är väl känt sedan många år tillbaka av både väghållare och företrädare för däckbranschen. De hala däcken beskrivs som att de skulle beläggas med en hinna eller film. Företrädare för däckbranschen anser att en trolig förklaring till problemet är att hinnan/kletet på däcken kommer från asfaltrester som finns i vattnet på en våt vägbana. Asfaltresterna kommer av slitaget av vägen, bland annat orsakat av dubbdäck. Kemiska analyser, som gjordes på 1980-talet, visade att den hinna som bildas på hala däck består av asfalt, olika former av petroleumprodukter, avgasrester och salt. Problemet förekommer bara i samband med saltade vägar. I projektet har följande moment ingått:

  • Utskick och analys av en enkät som sändes till ca 200 åkerier över hela landet som arbetar med virkestransporter
  • Ny provtagning och kemisk analys av det klet som fanns på däck som blivit hala
  • Insamling och sammanställning av uppgifter om bland annat väderförhållanden, väglag, väggrepp och däckkänsla från dagböcker som förts av chaufförer som kört timmertransporter i norra Sverige.

Dagböckerna har kompletterats med de åtgärder som väghållaren har gjort i anslutning till transporterna. Materialet har analyserats med syfte att hitta ett mönster för vad som utlöser att däcken blir hala.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2010. , 103 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 681
Keyword [en]
Tyre, Tyre road contact, Friction, Tyre tread, Coating, Wear, Salt, Wet road, Icy road, Winter, Chemical analysis, Freight transport, Timber, Driver, Questionnaire, Experience
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 911 Road: Components of the vehicle; 30 Road: Highway design, 33 Road: Surfacing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6538OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-6538DiVA: diva2:675419
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2017-03-30Bibliographically approved

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Möller, StaffanGöransson, Nils-Gunnar

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