Motorcykelkultur och motorcyklisters syn på trafikrisker och åtgärder: en litteraturstudie
2009 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Motorcycling and the opinion of motorcyclists on traffic risks and traffic safety measures : a literature review (English)
In recent years motorcycling has become more and more popular. As the number of motorcycles on the roads has increased, the number of motorcyclists killed in traffic has increased as well. To decrease the number of accidents and to direct the safety measures towards the right groups there is a need for better knowledge of the opinion of motorcyclists on traffic safety and traffic safety measures taken to avoid accidents. The aim of this literature review is to obtain better knowledge of the attitudes and the behaviour the motorcyclists have concerning motorcycling and their own traffic safety. Following research fields are being focused on: the culture of motorcycling - habits, valuations, identity; opinion concerning risks and behaviour; view on policy measures. A literature study has been accomplished concerning literature about motorcycling, the culture of motorcycling and the existing attitudes towards motorcycle traffic among the motorcyclists published between the years 1990 and 2008. In the literature different groups of motorcyclist are described according to what motorcycling means to them, the importance of group affiliation and age. Fellowship and solidarity are important for motorcyclists, but at the same time different subgroups exist depending on identity, lifestyle and what kind of motorcycle one has. Furthermore, it is obvious that the motorcycle has several functions: it is a practical vehicle and economically profitable; driving motorcycle gives a feeling of freedom and excitement; it is a nice activity in itself. The risk that is included in driving a motorcycle is also an important ingredient; the risks are a part of the enchantment. Concerning the opinion of the motorcyclists on handling risks it appears that experience is the most important source of knowledge. It is assumed that theory does not prevent accidents but experience is important for learning to know one's own capacity, one's own limits and for achieving control. Some researchers think that in order to attract young motorcyclist to further training there should be entertaining and exciting activities without emphasising safety aspects. At the same time it should be kept in mind why people drive motorcycles, i. e. it is not the risks that discourage them to drive. Following research needs have been identified in connection to the literature study: better knowledge of social and behavioural factors that influence the attitude to risks and safety; the opinion of the motorcyclists concerning the measures to decrease the number of accidents of different groups of motorcyclists; the importance of motorcycle clubs concerning the forming of attitudes towards risks and traffic safety and finally how to design the education and training of motorcyclists in order to contribute to decreased risk taking in traffic.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: VTI., VTI rapport 643 , 2009. , 67 p.
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030
Motorcyclist, Driving, Behaviour, Attitude, Motorcycle, Safety, Risk taking, Speed, Drunken driving, Crash helmet, Social factors, Accident prevention, Driver training, Education
Research subject Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Road user behaviour
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6490OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-6490DiVA: diva2:675369