A questionnaire was sent by post to a sample of holders of driving licenses
who had been born in the year 1944. The questionnaire covered present travel
habits, expectations regarding the future as older road users, and giving
lifts to elderly people. By targeting this group, it is anticipated that a
more correct picture can be obtained of such things as future travel patterns
compared with the usual method of basing forecasts on today's elderly people.
As regards present travel patterns, the results showed such things as a
continuation of the unequal distribution of car driving between males and
females, that the car dominated as a method of travel, and that the car was
considered to be necessary more often by men than it was by women.
Expectations regarding the future were captured by asking the respondent to
imagine that he or she was 80 years old at the time of filling in the
questionnaire, and indicating his or her view of the probability of various
phenomena at that age. Most of the respondents anticipated a rather active
and mobile old age ahead of them, and the degree of optimism increased with
increased mileage driven annually. However, over one-third of the women
considered that it was not at all probable that they would be driving a car
at the age of 80. Almost half of the respondents gave lifts to older
relatives and acquaintances regularly, typically up to four times a month.
Linköping: VTI., VTI rapport 507 , 2005.
Swedish, Sweden, Old people, Road user, Driver, Questionnaire, Journey, Transport mode, Car, Driving licence, Mobility, Age