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Young novice drivers, driver education and training: Literature review
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
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2003 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

A great many people are killed or seriously injured in road traffic with

young novice drivers every

year, which constitutes a major public health problem. Considering the rapid

progress being made in

developing different road safety measures, new knowledge must be spread more

quickly and be put

into application. Therefore, VTI and the University of Turku has carried out

this literature review

about young novice drivers, driver education and training on commission from

the Swedish National

Road Administration with additional funding from Swedish Agency for

Innovation Systems

(VINNOVA). The review was carried out from January to April 2003. The aims

were to review

literature concerning:

1. Driving behaviour and accident involvement during the first years with a

licence, including the

underlying psychological and social processes as well as in-vehicle support

systems and their

implication for young, novice drivers.

2. Methods and incentives used to influence young drivers' attitudes and

behaviour, with special

attention to alcohol, seat belt use and speeding.

3. The impact of high school driver education on young novice drivers'


4. The impact of different licensing systems on young novice drivers' safety.

In all, this review contains 322 different references.

As a result of the review, conclusions were drawn about the accident

situation for young novice

drivers, the different psychological, social and pedagogical processes that

contribute to their driving

behaviour and how their safety can be approved through driver education and

other methods.

The literature review has clearly shown that there is much knowledge about

driver behaviour, road

safety and educational methods that has not yet been applied in the Swedish

driver education system.

It is thus suggested that an experiment is launched where new methods and

structures are tested on a

large scale basis. If this is never done, it will be impossible to solve the

road safety problems of

young drivers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut., VTI rapport 491A , 2003.
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030
Keyword [en]
English, Sweden, Recently qualified driver, Adolescent, Driver training, State of the art report, Education, Attitude, Behaviour, Risk, Alcohol, Safety belt, Speed limit
Research subject
Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Driver training and road user education
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6358OAI: diva2:675234
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2013-12-03

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