A great many people are killed or seriously injured in road traffic with
young novice drivers every
year, which constitutes a major public health problem. Considering the rapid
progress being made in
developing different road safety measures, new knowledge must be spread more
quickly and be put
into application. Therefore, VTI and the University of Turku has carried out
this literature review
about young novice drivers, driver education and training on commission from
the Swedish National
Road Administration with additional funding from Swedish Agency for
(VINNOVA). The review was carried out from January to April 2003. The aims
were to review
1. Driving behaviour and accident involvement during the first years with a
licence, including the
underlying psychological and social processes as well as in-vehicle support
systems and their
implication for young, novice drivers.
2. Methods and incentives used to influence young drivers' attitudes and
behaviour, with special
attention to alcohol, seat belt use and speeding.
3. The impact of high school driver education on young novice drivers'
4. The impact of different licensing systems on young novice drivers' safety.
In all, this review contains 322 different references.
As a result of the review, conclusions were drawn about the accident
situation for young novice
drivers, the different psychological, social and pedagogical processes that
contribute to their driving
behaviour and how their safety can be approved through driver education and
The literature review has clearly shown that there is much knowledge about
driver behaviour, road
safety and educational methods that has not yet been applied in the Swedish
driver education system.
It is thus suggested that an experiment is launched where new methods and
structures are tested on a
large scale basis. If this is never done, it will be impossible to solve the
road safety problems of
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut., VTI rapport 491A , 2003.
English, Sweden, Recently qualified driver, Adolescent, Driver training, State of the art report, Education, Attitude, Behaviour, Risk, Alcohol, Safety belt, Speed limit