There are several indications that the earlier favourable traffic safety
development in Sweden has slowed down in recent years. VTI has therefore been
commissioned by the Swedish Road Administration and the Swedish Police Board
to describe and analyse the changes in the traffic system which may have
either a positive or negative significance for traffic safety development.
Since the overarching goal of traffic safety work is a gradual year by year
reduction in the number of those killed in traffic, the question arises why
this goal could not be reached during the period. Large investments and
changes have been made which resulted in both decreases and increases in the
risk of being killed in traffic during the period. The report makes an
examination of the different problem areas which were considered in relation
to the different measures or changes during the period, and the way these
ought to have affected the risk of being killed in traffic. An overall
summary is that the increased speeds during the period 1994-2000 were
compensated for by the increased number of cars equipped with airbags. Road
improvements for greater safety, motorways, roundabouts, road barriers etc,
together with higher petrol prices and the winter tyre law compensated for
the reduction in safety owing to greater vehicular traffic, especially the
increased lorry traffic, and that the higher average age of drivers increases
the risk of being killed due to an injury in a traffic accident.
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut., VTI rapport 486 , 2002.
Swedish, Sweden, Safety, Development, Accident rate, Fatality, Increase, Evaluation, Average speed, Driver, Age, Air bag, Use, Safety fence