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Konsekvenser av dagligvaruhandelns strukturomvandling: slutrapport
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
2002 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

The structural changes in retailing towards out-of-town establishments during

the latest decades have

profoundly affected the attractiveness of towns and cities and the urban

transport system. Increasing car-usage

and dependence, decreasing production of retail services in residential

areas, degeneration of inner

cities and costly revitalisation programs, reduced demand for public

transport with negative

consequences for quality, are some of the factors that can be observed and,

in part, linked to the changes

in retailing. Increasing access and usage of the car, in combination with a

historic record of

accommodating town planning, has enhanced the exploitation of scale economies

within distribution

firms. The research questions dealt with in this study concern the overall

economic efficiency of grocery

distribution systems in towns and cities. This main focus is tackled from two


perspectives: The construction of a spatial general optimisation model

capable of evaluating the social

costs associated with different distribution systems in urban areas and

stated-preference studies with

postal questionnaires to individuals with the aim to describe and analyse the

demand for different

services produced by grocery stores. It is plausible to assume that the

ongoing trend towards more outof-

town stores and increasing car-dependence among consumers in grocery

retailing will continue. The

large economies of scale at firm level are of course a powerful force behind

the structural changes.

Moreover, the result from the model based cost analysis indicates that the

total social distribution cost

will decrease if the large stores increase their market share in typical

Swedish cities. The cost savings in

the firms will overcompensate for the costs associated with more

participation from the households, as

long as the street network is not severely congested. However, the result

from the study also shows that

there are efficiency problems in grocery retailing when the service

production supplied by different types

of stores is focused. The hypothesis that social dilemmas influence

households' choice of store is

supported by the results. The results also show that individuals living in

the same residential area have

different preferences about the demanded level of retailing service in the

local surroundings. By using

regression models, and other methods, it is possible to link the differences

in preferences to socioeconomic

background variables and actual purchasing behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut., VTI rapport 485 , 2002.
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030
Keyword [en]
Swedish, Sweden, Shopping centre, Location, Town centre, Residential area, Social cost, Household, Choice, Transport mode, Cost benefit analysis, Town planning
Research subject
Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, Road: Freight transport; Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, Road: Personal transport; Road: Transport, society, policy and planning
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6349OAI: diva2:675225
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2013-12-03

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