Changing the modal split in urban transport systems towards an increasing
share for public transport is generally seen as a necessary prerequisite for
sustainability. However, it is not an easy task to improve the
competitiveness of public transport with only traditional system internal
measures, e.g. fares, vehicle design, comfort, safety. There is a strong
assumption that efficient public transport systems demand a supportive and
integrated urban planning. Measures such as car restrictions, traffic
priorities, high densities in residential areas, "anti-sprawl" policies etc,
are important if the target is to create a more competitive alternative to
the private car in urban settings. In Sweden there is a growing awareness at
the national political level that integrated planning is a measure that must
be used to reach the targets associated with the very ambitious environmental
policy. But there is a lack of ideas and knowledge about the existing
obstacles to integrated planning at the local level in the present system.
This report will discuss the results from a research and development project
with the focus on integrated planning. In the Swedish middle-sized city of
Norrköping, an extension of the already existing tramway network was explored
in the project. The extension was conceptualised as a transport solution and
a city renewal project, bringing new life and economic vitality to older city
districts. The results clearly indicate that integrated planning, i.e.
combining traffic and town planning, is a tool with a very strong capability
to change the present situation in cities into something substantially
different. But this can not be done without a far-reaching reorganisation and
an institutional renewal of local planning and policy procedures, which
includes the relations between local, regional and national levels in the
political and planning system.
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut., VTI meddelande 964 , 2004.
Swedish, Sweden, Tram, Town planning, Public transport, Line, Extension, Urban development, Land use, Network, Local authority