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Moose crash test dummy: Master's thesis
2001 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

In certain areas of our planet there are big wild

animals. One big

species is the moose (called elk in certain regions).

Scandinavia has a

very large moose population and car-moose collision is

a huge problem

with many fatal outcomes. In order to reduce the

number of injuries

caused by passenger cars colliding with moose a valid

and repeatable

method to arrange staged accidents is needed. A moose

dummy was

constructed after thorough research work.

To get well acquainted with the animal’s physical

characteristics the

zoo in Kolmården was visited. Veterinary Bengt Röken


with expertise and general information on the moose. A

recently killed

– and still warm – deer was studied rigorously and

that gave valuable

impressions of deer animals’ structure. The main

components of the test

dummy are 116 rubber plates but there are also various

steel parts

holding the pieces together. A database containing all

part details was

created. When the parameters were set so that the

location of the center-of-gravity

and shape was moose-like it was used as a

platform for a

three-dimensional CAD model.

The idea was to keep to common materials that could be


throughout the world. Trelleborg AB in Spain

manufactures the rubber.

Its original purpose of use is to cover truck beds

when hauling heavy

rocks. The rubber quality is soft (40 Shore) and

very hard to rip. The

density is 1050 kg/m3 . When all the drawing work was


printouts were sent to the manufacturers. The dummy

was assembled

and crash testing began. Two modern Saabs and one old

Volvo were

tested. The crash test results were very pleasing

since the demolished

cars looked very much like cars involved in real moose

crashes. The

dummy is potent to endure many crash tests before it

has to be


Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut., VTI särtryck 342 , 2001.
VTI särtryck, ISSN 1102-626X
Keyword [en]
English, Sweden, Animal, Simulation, Rubber, Design, Characteristics, Impact test, Evaluation
Research subject
Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, Road: Vehicle design and construction
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-4543OAI: diva2:673368
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2013-12-03

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