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Hydrocarbon liquefaction: viability as a peak oil mitigation strategy
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Global Energy Systems. (Global Energy Systems)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6379-7104
Moscow School of Economics.
Post Peak Living.
Liverpool University. (Management School)
2014 (English)In: Philosophical Transactions. Series A: Mathematical, physical, and engineering science, ISSN 1364-503X, Vol. 372, no 2006, 20120319- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Current world capacity of hydrocarbon liquefaction is around 400,000 barrels per day (kb/d), providing a marginal share of the global liquid fuel supply. This study performs a broad review of technical, economic, environmental, and supply chains issues related to coal-to-liquids (CTL) and gas-to-liquids (GTL). We find three issues predominate. First, significant amounts of coal and gas would be required to obtain anything more than a marginal production of liquids. Second, the economics of CTL plants are clearly prohibitive, but are better for GTL. Nevertheless, large scale GTL plants still require very high upfront costs, and for three real world GTL plants out of four, the final cost has been so far approximately three times that initially budgeted. Small scale GTL holds potential for associated gas. Third, CTL and GTL both incur significant environmental impacts, ranging from increased greenhouse gas emissions (in the case of CTL) to water contamination. Environmental concerns may significantly affect growth of these projects until adequate solutions are found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 372, no 2006, 20120319- p.
Keyword [en]
hydrocarbon liquefaction, gas-to-liquids, CTL, GTL, coal-to-liquids, peak oil
National Category
Energy Systems Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in the Science of Global Energy Resources
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-211949DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2012.0319ISI: 000332378500002OAI: diva2:670680
StandUp for energy
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2014-04-07Bibliographically approved

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