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Effekten av de nya reglerna för AM-behörighet (moped klass I): en för- och efterstudie
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3856-5421
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Evaluation of the effects of new rules for Class I moped license : a before and after study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Den 1 oktober 2009 infördes AM-behörigheten för att få köra moped klass I och samtidigt infördes krav på att föraren måste genomgå en praktisk och teoretisk utbildning hos behörig utbildare. Syftet med denna studie var att med hjälp av en för- och en efterstudie undersöka effekten av den nya utbildningen. Enkäten baserades på två olika teorier; theory of planned behaviour och prototype willingness model. Ett ytterligare syfte var att beskriva hur ungdomar ser på risker och vilka faktorer som påverkar dem att agera på ett eller annat sätt. I studien deltog personer i åldern 15–-24 år; 901 personer i förstudien och 946 personer i efterstudien. Resultaten visade på relativt små skillnader mellan för- och efterstudien. Inställningen till att köra i 65 km/tim i tätort visade att mopedisterna i efterstudien inte ansåg att beteendet var lika vanligt bland kamrater och de hade en mindre tro på sin egen förmåga att köra fort. Med avseende på deras inställning till att dricka två starköl och sedan köra hem noterades också några signifikanta skillnader. Mopedisterna i efterstudien var i mindre grad bekymrade över att bli stoppade av polisen eller att råka ut för en trafikolycka. Rent allmänt fick den nya utbildningen ett gott betyg eftersom ungdomarna tyckte att den var bra och att man hade lärt sig mycket. Det man främst hade lärt sig handlade om regler och bestämmelser i trafiken. Resultaten från teorin prototype willingness model visade att de som själva ville köra för fort eller med alkohol i kroppen ansåg i högre grad än de andra att en sådan person var tuff, säker och klok. En modell testades utifrån de två olika teorierna. Resultaten visade att modellen förklarade 52 procent av deras vilja att köra för fort och 19 procent av deras vilja att köra hem efter festen.

Abstract [en]

A Class I moped license (AM) to drive a Class I moped (“EU moped”), that included a practical and theoretical course, was introduced on 1 October 2009. The aim of this study was perform a before and after study in order to assess the effects of this new driver training course. The survey was based on two theories: the theory of planned behaviour and the prototype willingness model. A further aim of this study was to describe the way in which young people regard risks and the factors that affect their actions. The participants in this study were 15-–24 years of age; 901 in the before study and 946 in the after study. The results indicated fairly small differences before and after the new regulation. The attitude towards driving at a speed of 65 km/h in an urban area showed that people in the after study were less inclined to believe that their friends would drive at a speed of 65 km/h in an urban area, and that they did not feel as safe at a speed of 65 km/h as at 45 km/h. The significant differences noted for statements linked to the alcohol scenario were that mopedists in the follow-up study were less concerned about being stopped by the police or having a traffic accident. From a traffic safety viewpoint, the results were less favourable in this case. Overall, the new AM training programme was well received – the young people considered it positive, and ment that they had learned a lot. What they had learned consisted primarily of traffic rules and regulations. The results from the prototype willingness model showed that respondents who wanted to speed or drink and drive were more likely than others to consider that such persons were cool, confident and clever. A model which was based on the two theories was tested. The results indicated that the model explained 52 per cent of their willingness to exceed speed limits and 19 per cent of their readiness to ride home from the party.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2012. , 82 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 762
Keyword [en]
Moped rider, Driver training, Evaluation (assessment), Safety, Attitude (psychol), Compliance (specif), Drunken driving, Speeding
Keyword [sv]
Mopedförare, Förarutbildning, Utvärdering, Säkerhet, Attityder, Regelefterlevnad, Rattfylleri, Fortkörning
National Category
Learning
Research subject
Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Driver training and road user education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-1845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-1845DiVA: diva2:670636
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-03-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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