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Effekter av längre lastbilar och godståg i en internationell korridor
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Effects of longer trucks and freight trains in an international corridor (English)
Abstract [sv]

I projektet studeras effekterna av att möjliggöra användandet av längre lastbilsekipage och/eller längre godståg i en trafikslagsövergripande godskorridor som sträcker sig från Mellansverige till Ruhrområdet. För närvarande är de minsta fordonen (max 18,75 meter för lastbilar i Tyskland och max 650 meter för tåg i Sverige) dimensionerande för transporterna i korridoren. Frågan som studeras är om/hur transportsystemet kan effektiviseras genom att bruka längre lastbilar och tåg var för sig eller i kombination i korridoren. Ett tiotal scenarier simuleras med hjälp av den nationella Samgodsmodellen som utgår ifrån en konstant godstransportefterfrågan. I vägscenario V1 tillåts 25,25 m långa lastbilar i vägkorridoren (som inkluderar färjan till/från Travemünde) och tillgången till vägkorridoren i Tyskland antas ske via terminaler. I järnvägsscenario J1 förutsätts att max 750 meter långa godståg trafikerar järnvägskorridoren (som går via Jylland). I scenario V1+J1 antas både längre lastbilar och längre tåg i korridoren. Effekter på godsflöden, tonkilometer, logistikkostnader och CO2-emissioner i och utanför Sverige har studerats och det gjordes mycket översiktliga samhällsekonomiska kalkyler.

Abstract [en]

The project studies the effects of enabling the use of longer road vehicle combinations and/or longer trains in an intermodal freight corridor that extends from central Sweden to the Ruhr area in Germany. For the time being the transports are designed based on the smallest vehicle dimensions: 18.75 m for trucks in Germany and 650 m for trains in Sweden. The question is whether/or how the transport system can be enhanced by using larger vehicles for road transports, rail transports or both. Ten scenarios are simulated with the help of the national freight model Samgods which assumes a constant freight demand. In the road scenario V1, 25.25 m long trucks are allowed in the road corridor (that includes a ferry link and goes via Travemünde) and it is further assumed that large trucks can access the road corridor in Germany via terminals. In the rail scenario J1, 750 m long freight trains can be operated in the rail corridor that goes via the Öresund Bridge and Jutland/Denmark. In the combined scenario V1+J1 it is assumed that both longer trucks and longer trains can be used in the corridor. The effects on the freight flows, tonne kilometres, logistics costs and CO2 emissions inside and outside Sweden are studied and very rough socio-economic analyses have been carried out.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2012. , p. 54
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 764
Keywords [en]
Lorry, Freight train, Length, Impact study, Cost, Ton kilometer, Emission, Carbon dioxide, Corridor (transp), Estimation, Calculation, Freight transport
Keywords [sv]
Lastbilar, Godståg, Längd, Effektstudier, Kostnader, Tonkilometer, Emissioner, Koldioxid, Transportkorridorer, Skattning, Beräkning, Godstransporter
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, Road: Freight transport; Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, Railway: Freight transport
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-1843Archive number: TRV 2010/9239OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-1843DiVA, id: diva2:670634
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2014-03-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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