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Utvärdering av en ny obligatorisk riskutbildning för motorcyklister
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3856-5421
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Evaluation of a new mandatory risk education program aimed at students learning to ride a motorbike (English)
Abstract [sv]

Från den 1 november 2009 infördes en obligatorisk riskutbildning för behörighet A och A1 (tung respektive lätt motorcykel). Utbildningen är både teoretisk och praktisk och specifikt riktad till motorcyklister. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att undersöka om det skett någon förändring i synen på risktagning efter införandet av den nya riskutbildningen. Undersökningen genomfördes i form av en webbenkätstudie och två olika grupper jämfördes: de somavslutade mc-utbildningen före riskutbildningens införande den 1 november 2009 och de som avslutadeutbildningen efter detta datum. I studien deltog 1 472 personer (förstudie=541; efterstudie=931).Medelåldern var 30 år och andelen kvinnor 20 procent. Resultaten visar att det skett relativt småförändringar i attityder, normer och intentioner i jämförelsen mellan för- och efterstudie. De skillnadersom konstaterades gick oftast i ”rätt” riktning, det vill säga en ökad förståelse för olika risker. De negativa förändringar som kan ses finns främst inom den yngsta gruppen (16-–20 år) avseende hastighet, alkohol, trötthet och synen på den egna förmågan i jämförelse med andra motorcyklister. Sammanfattningsvis visar studien att det dels finns behov av ytterligare studier av utbildningens effekter, dels utbildningens form och upplägg avseende till exempel pedagogik riktat till specifika målgrupper. Hur de aktuella resultaten kan hjälpa till att utveckla den obligatoriska riskutbildningen för behörighet A och A1 diskuteras.

Abstract [en]

On 1 November 2009 a new risk education program for all students learning to ride a motorbike was introduced in order to enhance their perception of risk. The training is both theoretical and practical. The aim of the study is to evaluate if motorcyclists' perception of risk changed as a consequence of the new training program. The study used a internet survey and two different groups were compared: motorcyclist learner drivers who had completed their training before the implementation of the new program and those who had completed their training after the 1st of November 2009. In the study 1,472 people participated (before study=541; after study=931). The mean age was 30 years and the proportion of women was 20 procent. The results showed relatively small changes in the motorcyclists' attitudes, norms and intentions before and after the new training program. However, the difference was mainly in the "right" direction which indicated a greater understanding of risk. Some negative changes were also observed but most frequently amongst the youngest age group (16-20 years old). These negative changes were related to their perception of speeding, alcohol, fatigue and of their own ability to drive a motorbike if compared with other motorcyclists. In conclusion, the results suggest that further research in this area is needed which looks at the effect of training but also the content and how training is being conducted with regard to methods used and how specific groups are being targeted. Implications of the current findings for the development of educational programs for motorcyclists are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2011. , 103 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 720
Keyword [en]
Motorcyclist, Driver training, Risk, Education, Risk taking, Attitude (psychol), Behaviour, Before and after study, Evaluation (assessment)
Keyword [sv]
Motorcyklister, Förarutbildning, Risk, Utbildning, Risktagande, Attityder, Beteende, Före efter studier, Utvärdering
National Category
Learning
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 843 Road: Driver training and road user education; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-1798OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-1798DiVA: diva2:670588
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2017-03-30Bibliographically approved

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