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Barns färd i bil: en observationsundersökning genomförd av trafiksäkerhetsorganisationen NTF våren 2010
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic safety, society and road-user.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5198-8851
NTF.
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Child safety in cars : an observational survey accomplished by NTF (The National Society for Road Safety) in 2010 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Nationalföreningen för trafiksäkerhetens främjande, NTF, har genomfört en observationsundersökningutanför 347 förskolor omfattande 5 000 barn i åldrarna 0–10 år.Undersökningens främsta syfte var att visa hur lag och rekommendationer följs när det gäller barnsskydd vid färd i bil.De viktigaste resultaten visar att: - 95 procent skjutsades på lagligt sätt eftersom barnen var bältade, - 90 procent följde lagens krav på att barnen ska använda särskild skyddsanordning när de skjutsas i biloch är under 135 cm långa, - 5 barn i åldrarna 1–3 år, av 510 observerade i passagerarsätet fram, färdades i bakåtvända bilbarnstolardär krockkudden var aktiv, vilket är både olagligt och oerhört farligt om en olycka skulle inträffa, - många barn vändes framåt i lägre ålder än vad de svenska rekommendationerna anger: 6 procent av 1-åringarna färdades framåtvända, 20 procent av 2-åringarna, 60 procent av 3-åringarna och 93 procent av 4-åringarna, - 15 procent av barnen satt framför en aktiv krockkudde; bland 1–4-åringarna var det 11 procent, bland5–6-åringarna 22 procent och bland 7–10-åringarna 20 procent. Detta är emot rekommendationen somanger att man ska vara 140 cm för att få sitta framför aktiv krockkudde.

Abstract [en]

The National Society for Road Safety, NTF, has conducted an observational survey at 347 preschools comprising 5,000 children aged 0-10 years. The aim of the study was to follow up Swedish laws and recommendations concerning how children are secured when travelling in car. The results show that: - 95 per cent of the children were belted. - 90 per cent did use some sort of child restraint system, which is required if the child is shorter than 135 centimetres. - 5 children aged 1-3 years out of 510 observed in the front passenger seat were placed in rearward facing child restraint system in front of an active airbag. This is illegal and dangerous in a crash where the airbag is activated. - Some children were seated forward facing earlier than stated in Swedish recommendations (which is from 5 years of age); 6 per cent of the 1-year-olds were travelling forward facing, 20 per cent of the 2-year-olds, 60 per cent of the 3-year-olds and 93 per cent of the 4-year-old children. - 15 per cent of the children were seated in front of an active airbag; 11 per cent of the children aged 1-4-years, 22 per cent of the children aged 5-6 years and 20 per cent of the children aged 7-10 years.

This is against the recommendation indicating that the child has to be 140 centimeters long to be seated in front of an active airbag.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2011. , 40 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 716
Keyword [en]
Child, Infant, Passive safety system, Safety belt, Use, Rear, Air bag (restraint system), Observation, Statistics
Keyword [sv]
Barn, Spädbarn, Passiva säkerhetssystem, Säkerhetsbälten, Användning, Bakre, Krockkuddar, Observation, Statistik
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, Road: Vehicle interior safety; Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-1797OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-1797DiVA: diva2:670587
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved

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