Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Utveckling och prövning av ny skolskjutsskylt
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4790-7094
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1849-9722
Mälardalens högskola.
Show others and affiliations
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Development and testing of new school bus sign (English)
Abstract [sv]

I samband med av- och påstigning av buss utsätts passagerare för risker från övrig trafik. Barn är speciellt utsatta i samband med färd till och från skolan och det finns därför starka skäl att försöka förmå de fordon som passerar en stillastående skolskjuts att sänka hastigheten rejält. Med erfarenheterna från 30-projektet som bakgrund beslutades att föreslå ett införande av en 30-gräns vid stillastående skolskjuts i hela landet på vägar med hastighetsgränser 70 km/h och lägre. Inför en sådan eventuell lagändring är det viktigt att utforma en skolskjutsskylt som respekteras av alla trafikanter. I ett laboratorietest jämfördes hur iögonfallande fyra skyltar vars budskap varierade var, jämfört med fyra skyltar som hela tiden visade ett och samma budskap. Delvis med laboratoriestudiens resultat som bakgrund, testades i ett fältförsök två skyltar med varierande budskap mot tre skylar som visade en enda symbol. I en tredje studie undersöktes efterlevnaden av några av de skyltar som studerats tidigare. Hastigheten mättes för fordon som passerade en stillastående buss försedd endera med en digital 30-skylt med röd bård, en digital 30-skylt utan bård, en digital skylt med varierande symbol och en traditionell skolskjutsskylt.

Abstract [en]

In connection with boarding and alighting bus passengers are exposed to risks caused by other traffic. Children are especially vulnerable when traveling to and from school, and there are strong reasons for urging the vehicles passing a stationary school transport to reduce their speed significantly. Based on the experience of a previous project it was decided to propose the imposition of a limit of 30 km/h when there is a stationary school transport throughout the country on roads with speed limits of 70 km/h and less. In connection with a change of the traffic regulations it is important to create a school bus sign that is respected by all road users. The purpose of this study is to develop and test a school bus sign that has a high degree of conspicuity, and can be detected and read from an adequate distance. Most important, it has to be understood and respected. The study results will provide a basis for a set of requirements on a sign that should make drivers reduce their speed to 30 km/h when passing a stationary school bus. The study includes both workshops and focus groups with various stakeholders, one indoor and one outdoor lab experiment, and a field test. The results from the sub-studies lead to a recommendation to use a VMS-type sign that includes motion, which is more conspicuous than signs with a static symbol. It is expected that the final version of a digital sign will have a similar or better conspicuity and legibility than the traditional bus sign, which should increase compliance. Furthermore, it is likely that compliance with the new speed regulation will be improved when drivers not only are informed about the potential hazard source - children - but when they, too, are informed about the appropriate action - a speed reduction to 30 km/h.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2010. , 91 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 693
Keyword [en]
Bus stop, Traffic sign, Visibility, Legibility, Design (overall design), Flashing light, School, Bus, Child, Safety
Keyword [sv]
Busshållplatser, Vägmärken, Synbarhet, Läslighet, Design, Blinkande signaler, Skolor, Bussar, Barn, Säkerhet
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 20 Road: Traffic engineering, 22 Road: Traffic control and traffic information
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-1779OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-1779DiVA: diva2:670569
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2077 kB)407 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2077 kBChecksum SHA-512
b341da7a9184a6d1f88a10430c860756b31623a3747be590f2ef123cea3d251295eb68eb09a6b7a4300daf37e44795059ab4f83894b7b8a9f2a592350d6faca5
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Anund, AnnaEriksson, LarsKircher, Katja
By organisation
Human-vehicle-transport system interaction
Applied Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 407 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 86 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf