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The Semantic Representation of Event Information Depends on the Cue Modality: An Instance of Meaning-Based Retrieval
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Lund Univ, Dept Psychol, Lund, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Aarhus Univ, Ctr Autobiog Memory Res, Aarhus, Denmark. (
2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 10, e73378- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The semantic content, or the meaning, is the essence of autobiographical memories. In comparison to previous research, which has mainly focused on the phenomenological experience and the age distribution of retrieved events, the present study provides a novel view on the retrieval of event information by quantifying the information as semantic representations. We investigated the semantic representation of sensory cued autobiographical events and studied the modality hierarchy within the multimodal retrieval cues. The experiment comprised a cued recall task, where the participants were presented with visual, auditory, olfactory or multimodal retrieval cues and asked to recall autobiographical events. The results indicated that the three different unimodal retrieval cues generate significantly different semantic representations. Further, the auditory and the visual modalities contributed the most to the semantic representation of the multimodally retrieved events. Finally, the semantic representation of the multimodal condition could be described as a combination of the three unimodal conditions. In conclusion, these results suggest that the meaning of the retrieved event information depends on the modality of the retrieval cues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 10, e73378- p.
National Category
Natural Sciences Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-97035DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073378ISI: 000326241200001OAI: diva2:670498


Funding agencies:

Swedish Research Council (SRC) 2008 2415, 80212103;

Danish National Research Foundation  

Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-02 Last updated: 2013-12-03Bibliographically approved

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