Priselasticiteter som underlag för konsekvensanalyser av förändrade banavgifter för godstransporter: del A av studie på uppdrag av Banverket
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Price elasticities as basis for impact analysis of freight rail user fees (Part A of a study commissioned by the Swedish National Rail Administration) (English)
The National Rail Administration is analysing how different levels and designs of freight rail user fees influence the demand for rail transport. Changes in demand are calculated with the help of price elasticities. These elasticities are mainly related to the total transport costs, where rail user fees are one part. The Swedish rail user fees (that include different components for wear and tear, safety etc.) are among the lowest in Europe and correspond to about five percent of the freight transport costs. In our literature review, we did not find studies explicitly related to elasticities for freight rail user fees. The elasticities that we found have transport costs (or prices) as independent variable and the majority has tonne-km as dependent variable. The elasticities lie in the range of -0.9 to -1.7. Regardless if one calculates the demand effect in tonnes, tonne-km or train-km in principle all elasticities in the literature are higher in absolute terms than 0.4, which is the elasticity that the National Rail Administration applies today for all commodity groups and train types.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: VTI., VTI notat 10-2010 , 2010. , 75 p.
Rail traffic, Freight transport, Tariff, Cost, Elasticity, Demand, Ton kilometer
Research subject Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, Railway: Economics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-1718OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-1718DiVA: diva2:670431