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Bältesanvändningen i Sverige 2011
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic safety, society and road-user.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3856-5421
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
The use of seat belts in Sweden 2011 (English)
Abstract [sv]

VTI har observerat bilbältesanvändningen i ett antal mellansvenska städer sedan 1983. Observationerna år 2011 gjordes under sammanlagt ett tiotal dagar i augusti–september, ungefär ett dygn per mätpunkt. Sammanlagt observerades 60 200 personbilar, drygt 1 300 taxibilar samt cirka 7 300 övriga bilar. När VTI:s mätserie började 1983, var bältesanvändningen bland vuxna i baksätet blygsamma 10 procent. Den ökade i ett steg till 60 procent när lagen om bilbältesanvändning för vuxna i hela bilen trädde i kraft 1 juli 1986. Enligt de senaste observationerna är drygt 80 procent av alla vuxna baksätespassagerare bältade. Motsvarande nivå för barn i baksätet har i mätserien legat ungefär 10–20 procentenheter högre. År 2011 var cirka 96 procent av alla barn i baksätet bältade. Bilbältesanvändningen bland förare och framsätespassagerare i personbil har under hela observationsperioden 1983–-2011 legat på en betydligt högre och jämnare nivå. Redan i mätseriens början använde 84–86 procent av förare och framsätespassagerare bälte. År 2011 är nivåerna på drygt 96 procent. Bältesanvändningen bland barn i baksätet är således i paritet med förare och passagerare i framsätet. Från och med 1994 års observationer ingår också ett delprojekt där förarnas bältesanvändning kopplas till förarnas kön och ålder. Den lägsta användningen 2011 har unga (18–25 år) manliga förare, 79 procent, vilket är betydligt lägre än 2010. I samma åldersgrupp använder 92 procent av kvinnorna bälte. I åldersgrupperna 26–35, 36–50 samt ”51– ” använder 90–92 procent av männen och 97–98 procent av kvinnorna bilbälte. Noteringarna har varit tämligen stabila över de senaste åren, men männens andel sjönk något 2011,

Abstract [en]

VTI has observed seat belt use in a number of towns in central Sweden since 1983. The observations in 2011 were made over a total of ten days in August–September 2011, averaging out at one day at each studied site. In total, approximately 60,200 passenger cars, 1,300 taxi cars and 7,300 other vehicles were observed. When VTI commenced the surveys in 1983, seat belt use by adult back seat passengers was at a modest 10 per cent. When the law requiring all adult occupants to wear seat belts in passenger cars came into force on 1 July 1986, the figure quickly increased to 60 per cent. According to the latest observations, slightly more than 80 per cent of all adult back seat passengers wear a seat belt. The corresponding level for children in the back seat has consistently stayed in the region of 10–20 percentage points higher. In 2011, around 96 per cent of all children in the back seat wore a seat belt. During the whole survey period, 1983–2011, seat belt use by drivers and front seat passengers has been at a considerably higher and more uniform level. At the beginning of the surveys, 84–86 per cent of drivers and front seat passengers already wore a seat belt. Today, the levels are slightly higher than 96 per cent. Since the surveys in 1994 , a subproject studying the drivers and the correlation to age and sex of the drivers, has been in force simultaneously. Seat belt use is lowest among young male drivers, ranging between18–25 years, at 79 per cent 2011, and this is considerably lower than in 2010. In the same age group, 92 per cent of all women wear a seat belt. In the age groups 26–35, 36–50 and “51–“, 90–92 per cent of men and 97–98 per cent of women wear a seat belt. With the exception of the youngest drivers, records have been very stable in recent years. Seat belt use by taxi drivers has been observed at all observation sites since 1995.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2012. , 32 p.
Series
VTI notat, 25-2012
Keyword [en]
Safety belt, Use, Observation, Man, Woman, Adult, Child, Driver, Passenger, Front, Rear, Car, Taxi, Lorry, Statistics
Keyword [sv]
Säkerhetsbälten, Användning, Observation, Män, Kvinnor, Vuxna, Barn, Förare, Passagerare, Framsida, Bakre, Bilar, Taxi, Lastbilar, Statistik
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-585OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-585DiVA: diva2:669275
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2017-03-30Bibliographically approved

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