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Sambandet mellan utsatthet och psykosomatiska symtom hos elever i årskurs nio.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The association between vulnerability and psychosomatic symptoms amongschoolchildren in 9th grade (English)
Abstract [sv]

Barnmisshandel är ett globalt folkhälsoproblem som resulterar i stora hälsokonsekvenser.Flera studier har visat att barnmisshandel kan leda till psykisk ohälsa hos de som utsatts,såsom depression och ångest. Det är dock få studier som har undersökt sambandet mellanbarnmisshandel och psykosomatiska symtom hos skolelever. Syftet med studien var attundersöka förekomsten av utsatthet (fysisk barnmisshandel och/eller barn som bevittnat våld)och psykosomatiska symtom bland elever i årskurs nio. Syftet var också att undersökasambandet mellan utsatthet och psykosomatiska symtom.

Studien var en tvärsnittsstudie och gjordes utifrån redan insamlad data från den nationellakartläggningen om barnmisshandel 2011. Studiepopulationen bestod av 3207 elever i niondeklass och svarsfrekvensen var 84 procent. Specifikt utvalda frågor ur datamaterialetbearbetades utifrån deskriptiva frekvenstabeller, chi²- test och oddskvoter (OR) med 95procent konfidensintervall.

Resultatet beskriver förekomsten av barnmisshandel och/eller bevittnat våld, psykosomatiskasymtom en gång i veckan eller oftare och sambandet dem emellan samt bakgrundsfaktorersom har samband med psykosomatiska symtom. Det var 18 procent av skoleleverna somangav att de någon gång blivit fysisk bestraffade och 7 procent angav att de bevittnat våldmellan föräldrarna. Det var 34 procent av eleverna som rapporterade 1-2 symtom en gång iveckan eller oftare och 26 procent rapporterade 3 eller fler symtom en gång i veckan elleroftare. Det statistsikt signifikanta sambandet mellan fysisk misshandel och psykosomatiskasymtom framkom vara starkare om eleven hade multipla symtom (OR=4,254). Det fannsinget statistiskt signifikant samband mellan att bevittnat våld och 1-2 psykosomatiskasymtom. Däremot fanns ett signifikant samband mellan att ha bevittnat våld hemma och 3eller fler symtom (OR=3,903).

Abstract [en]

Child abuse is a global public health problem with major health consequences. Several studieshave shown that child abuse can result in mental health problem, such as depression andanxiety. However, there have been few studies about the association between child abuse andpsychosomatic symptoms in schoolchildren. The aim of the study has been to investigate theprevalence of physical child abuse and/or children who have witnessed partner violence andpsychosomatic symptoms. The aim was also to examine physical child abuse associated withpsychosomatic symptoms.The study was a cross- sectional study and was based on already collected data from aNational Survey about Child Abuse 2011.

The study constituted of 3207 students in 9th gradeand the response rate was 84 percent. In this study were questions selected from the NationalSurvey about Child Abuse 2011 and data were processed by descriptive tables, chi²- tests andodds ratio (OR) with 95 percent confidence intervals.

The results describe the incidence of child abuse and/or children who have witnessed partnerviolence, psychosomatic symptoms once a week or more and the association between themand background factors associated with psychosomatic symptoms. It was 18 percent of thestudents who reported they had been physical punished and 7 percent reported they havewitnessed violence between parents. It was 34 percent of the students who indicated that theyhad 1-2 symptoms once a week or more and 26 percent of the students who indicated that theyhad 3 or more symptoms once a week or more. There were a statistic significant associationbetween physical abuse and psychosomatic symptoms and it was even stronger if the studenthad multiple symptoms (OR=4,254). There were no statistic significant association betweenwitnessing violence and 1-2 psychosomatic symptoms. However, there were a statisticsignificant association between witnessing violence and 3 or more symptoms (OR=3,903).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
child abuse, physical violence, witnessed violence, psychosomatic symptom
Keyword [sv]
Utsatthet, fysisk misshandel, bevittna våld, barnmisshandel, psykosomatiska symtom
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-30287OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-30287DiVA: diva2:667565
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Master Programme in Health Science: Focus Public Health Sciences, 120 ECTS credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-11-27 Created: 2013-11-27 Last updated: 2013-11-27Bibliographically approved

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