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Innovations for sustainable public transport: Experiences and challenges in the Scandinavian countries
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9445-784X
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
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2013 (English)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Innovationer för hållbar kollektivtrafik i Skandinavien : Erfarenheter och utmaningar (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the project has been to analyse institutional and planning conditions for public transport in the Scandinavian countries from a comparative perspective, looking at the county of Skåne (Sweden) and the municipalities of Aarhus (Denmark) and Trondheim (Norway). The report considers qualitative case studies of public transport in Skåne, Aarhus, and Trondheim, and uses an empirical material consisting of written material and interviews. It concludes that: (i) new forms of coordination between organizations and policy areas are called for in a number of critical areas, if public transport is to contribute effectively to the development of an efficient and sustainable transport system (for example, forms for the coordination of public transport, land use, and infrastructure planning); (ii) public transport must not be seen as an end in itself, or as merely a technical transport system; (iii) the successful pursuit of public-transport innovations relies upon complex, interwoven stories and arguments that persuade diverse actors and organizations to collaborate and act on their shared meanings; and (iiii) there is a need to challenge the planning myths used to mobilize support for land-use and traffic system developments that undermine the long-term competitiveness of public transport.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med projektet har varit att analysera de institutionella och planeringsmässiga förutsättningarna för kollektivtrafiken i de Skandinaviska länderna ur ett jämförande perspektiv. Rapporten bygger på kvalitativa fallstudier av kollektivtrafiken i Skåne (Sverige), Aarhus (Danmark) och Trondheim (Norge). Den använder ett empiriskt material som består av skriftliga källor och intervjuer. I rapporten dras slutsatserna att: (i) nya former för samordning mellan organisationer och politikområden behövs på ett antal kritiska områden för att kollektivtrafiken ska kunna bidra till att utveckla ett effektivt och hållbart transportsystem (exempelvis former för samordning av kollektivtrafik, markanvändning och infrastrukturplanering); (ii) kollektivtrafik ska inte ses som ett mål i sig, eller som enbart ett tekniskt transportsystem; (iii) framgångsrikt genomförande av kollektivtrafikinnovationer förutsätter strategier och argument som förmår olika aktörer och organisationer att samarbeta och agera gemensamt; (iiii) det finns ett behov av att utmana “planeringsmyter” som kan användas för att mobilisera stöd för en utvecklingen av markanvändning och trafiksystem som minskar kollektivtrafikens långsiktiga konkurrenskraft.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: VTI , 2013. , 39 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 799A
Keyword [en]
Public transport, Administration, Attractiveness, Increase, Town planning, Land use, Land use planning, Policy, Local authority, Case study, Denmark, Norway, Sweden
National Category
Other Natural Sciences
Research subject
Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, Road: Public transport; Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, Railway: Passenger transport
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-393DiVA: diva2:667382
Available from: 2013-11-26 Created: 2013-11-26 Last updated: 2015-02-24Bibliographically approved

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