Differences in health and illness beliefs in zimbabwean men and women with diabetes
2012 (English)In: Open Nursing Journal, ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 6, 117-125 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study explored beliefs about health and illness that might affect self-care and health-seeking behaviours in Zimbabwean men and women with diabetes. Gender differences were indicated in a previous study but their extent has not been studied. The present study used a qualitative descriptive design with semi-structured interviews to gain a deeper understanding of the phenomena. The sample consisted of 21 participants, 11 females aged 19-61 years (Median 44 years) and 10 males aged 22-65 years (Median 52 years). Qualitative content analysis was used. Health was described as freedom from diseases and enjoying well-being. Both males and females displayed limited knowledge about diabetes and dissimilarities in health-seeking behaviours. Women, in contrast to men, were more active in self-care and used various measures besides drugs as they related to a higher extent the cause of diabetes to supernatural factors like gods and witches. They sought information from self-help groups and help from outside the professional health sector like healers in the folk sector. Prolonged economic disruption also had negative effects towards maintenance of healthy life-styles as both men and women struggled to get money for food and drugs. Thus, the study highlighted that knowledge about diabetes and its management are important for self-care. There is therefore need to develop acceptable and affordable gender- sensitive diabetes care programmes that enhance patient participation, empowerment and promotion of health.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bussum, AG, Netherlands: Bentham Open , 2012. Vol. 6, 117-125 p.
Diabetes mellitus, gender, health/illness beliefs, health-seeking behaviour, self-care, Zimbabwe
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101439DOI: 10.2174/1874434601206010117PubMedID: 22977655OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-101439DiVA: diva2:666266