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Icke-farmakologisk behandling av oro hos personer med demens: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva vilka icke-farmakologiska behandlingar som kan användas vid oro hos personer med demens samt att beskriva vilken inverkan studerade icke-farmakologiska behandlingar hade på oro hos personer med demens. Vidare var syftet att kontrollera vilka datainsamlingsinstrument som användes vid mätning av oro i inkluderade studier samt om dessa testades i respektive studie gällande reliabilitet och validitet.

Metod: Detta var en beskrivande litteraturstudie, litteratur eftersöktes i de vetenskapliga databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. 13 studier inkluderades, dessa omfattade fem olika icke-farmakologiska behandlingsmetoder. Författarna läste, översatte och sammanställde först enskilt de valda studierna för att främja ett objektivt förhållningssätt. Den metodologiska aspekten datainsamling kontrollerades i inkluderade vetenskapliga studier.

Resultat: Det fanns varierande inverkan på orosnivån hos personer med demens av de icke-farmakologiska behandlingsmetoderna, musik-, arom-massage-, djurassisterad-, ljusterapi och Peacefull mind.

Slutsats: Majoriteten av inkluderade icke-farmakologiska behandlingsmetoder minskade orosnivån hos personer med demens. Lugnandeläkemedel har biverkningar, därför var icke-farmakologiska behandlingsmetoder ett allternativ till läkemedelsbehandling vid oro hos personer med demens. Detta examensarbete har inte tagit ställning till den långsiktiga effekten av icke-farmakologiska behandlingsmetoder för att minska oro hos personer med demens vilket innebär att författarna inte har kunskap om eventuella biverkningar.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose was to describe which non-pharmacological treatments that can be used for anxiety in people with dementia and to describe the impact of studied non-pharmacological methods of treatment on anxiety in people with dementia. Furthermore the purpose was to check which data collection instrument that was used to measure anxiety in included studies and if these was tested in each study regarding reliability and validity.

Method: This was a descriptive literature review, literature were searched in the scientific databases PubMed and Cinahl. 13 studies were included, these obtained five different non-pharmacological methods of treatment. The authors read, translated and complied first individually the chosen studies to promote an objective approach. The methodological aspect of data collection was controlled in included scientific studies.

Results: There were various impacts on the level of anxiety in people with dementia from the non-pharmacological methods of treatment, music-, aroma-massage-, animal-assisted-, bright light therapy and Peacefull mind.

Conclusion: The majority of included non-pharmacological methods of treatment decreased the level of anxiety in people with dementia. Sedative medications have side effects, therefore were non-pharmacological methods of treatment an alternative to pharmacological methods of treatment at anxiety in people with dementia. This essay has not taken a stand to the long-term impact of non-pharmacological methods of treatment to reduce anxiety in people with dementia which means that the authors have no knowledge of possible side effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Dementia, Anxiety, Non-pharmacological, Treatment, Therapy
Keyword [sv]
Demens, Oro, Icke-farmakologisk, Behandling
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15775Archive number: SSKVk11- 14OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-15775DiVA: diva2:665891
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-11-21 Created: 2013-11-21 Last updated: 2013-11-21Bibliographically approved

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