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Individual differences in distractibility: an update and a model
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering. Linnaeus Centre HEAD, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linköping University. (Miljöpsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7584-2275
Linnaeus Centre HEAD, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: PsyCh Journal, ISSN 2046-0252, E-ISSN 2046-0260, Vol. 3, no 1, 42-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper reviews the current literature on individual differences in susceptibility to the effects of background sound on visual-verbal task performance. A large body of evidence suggests that individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) underpin individual differences in susceptibility to auditory distraction in most tasks and contexts. Specifically, high WMC is associated with a more steadfast locus of attention (thus overruling the call for attention that background noise may evoke) and a more constrained auditory-sensory gating (i.e., less processing of the background sound). The relation between WMC and distractibility is a general framework that may also explain distractibility differences between populations that differ along variables that covary with WMC (such as age, developmental disorders, and personality traits). A neurocognitive task-engagement/distraction trade-off (TEDTOFF) model that summarizes current knowledge is outlined and directions for future research are proposed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 3, no 1, 42-57 p.
Keyword [en]
distraction, individual differences, noise, selective attention, sound, working memory capacity
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15762DOI: 10.1002/pchj.47PubMedID: 25632345Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84925697110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-15762DiVA: diva2:665065
Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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