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Inkludering och exkludering i en förskoleklass: En observationsstudie om maktförhållanden i den fria leken
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to contribute to the field of social access in children's free play in the pre-school class, by looking at how children are included and excluded and how power structures arises in the free time. In order to capture the events that occur among the children, observations were chosen as research method.

The results show that the children wanted to play with each other, and that the most common way to facilitate play was to ask "Can I join?". There were also other strategies being practiced regularly. It was also common to exclude other children from playing, and this was especially when the children wanted to protect their ongoing game, or that someone was not allowed to join because he or she ruined it for the others. Other aspects that affect which status the children had in the group was when they compared their skills with each other, to see who could jump the farthest, draw the best and so on. Knowledge on how to read and write were two other abilities that gave high status in the pre-school class.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur socialt tillträde och makt visas i en förskoleklass, och då titta på hur barn inkluderas och exkluderas och de maktpostitioneringar som uppstår i den fria leken. För att kunna fånga händelser som sker mellan barnen, valdes observationer som undersökningsmetod.

Resultatet visar att barnen gärna ville umgås med varandra, och att det vanligaste för att få vara med och leka var att fråga "Får jag vara med?", men det fanns även andra strategier som förekom regelbundet. Att exkludera andra barn ur den sociala gemenskapen var också vanligt, och då framförallt för att barnen ville skydda sin pågående lek eller att någon inte fick vara med för att den förstörde för de andra. Andra aspekter som påverkade vilken status barnen hade i barngruppen handlade om att de jämförde sina färdigheter med varandra; vem som kunde hoppa längst, rita häftigast och så vidare. Här kom även kunskaper som att läsa och skriva in, vilket var två förmågor som gav hög status i förskoleklassen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [en]
Inclusion, exclusion, peer cultures, pre-school class
Keyword [sv]
Inklusion, exklusion, kamratkulturer, förskoleklass
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-30052Local ID: LPPE:7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-30052DiVA: diva2:664954
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-03-25 Created: 2013-11-18 Last updated: 2015-03-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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