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Vilka kännetecken och förmågor har en expert-coach?: en kvalitativ studie av begreppet expert-coach inom svensk elitidrott
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Which characteristics and abilities does an expert coach have? : a qualitative study of the concept of expert-coaches in Swedish elite sport (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund och syfte

Istället för att bedöma och värdera en coach utifrån dålig eller bra kan en coach ses utifrån ett kontinuum där nybörjare är den ena ytterligheten och expert den andra ytterligheten. Tidigare forskning om expert-coacher har två inriktningar, utveckling av expertis inom coaching och expert-coachens kännetecken och förmågor. Kännetecken och förmågor hos en expert-coach kan ses som nyckelbegrepp i denna studie. Underliggande begrepp inom expert-coachens kännetecken är karaktärsdrag, beteende och coach/ledarstil. Underliggande begrepp inom expert-coachens förmågor är kunskap och psykologiska färdigheter. Syftet är att utforska hur svenska coacher och idrottare ser på kännetecken och förmågor hos expert-coacher samt i vilken svensk idrottskontext en expert-coach jobbar.

Metod

Studien är kvalitativ och en tvärsnittsstudie där semistrukturerade intervjuer har använts som datainsamlingsmetod. Deltagare i studien var sex förbundskaptener (3 män och 3 kvinnor mellan 45-53 år) och sex landslagsidrottare (5 män och 1 kvinna mellan 25-32 år). Intervjuerna har transkriberats, tematisk analys och innehållsanalys har använts för att tolka och analysera insamlad data.

Resultat

Det som utmärker en expert-coachen inom nyckelbegreppet kännetecken är expert-coachens beteende i form av att kommunicera, att stötta individen och att fokusera på individen. Inom nyckelbegreppet förmågor hos en expert-coach kan det underliggande begreppet kunskap delas in i professionell kunskap, interpersonell kunskap och intra personell kunskap. Både coacher och idrottare anser att en expert-coach behöver alla dessa kunskaper. Det finns ingen utmärkande psykologisk färdighet som är utmärkande, men emotionell intelligens anses som viktigt för en expert-coach.

Slutsats

Utforskandet av expert-coachens kännetecken och förmågor utifrån nyckelbegreppen i tidigare forskningen har tillsammans med de viktigaste resultaten i denna studie resulterat i en modell över begreppet expert-coach. De kännetecken och förmågor som anses viktigast hos en expert-coach är kommunikation och att se individen. En expert-coach kan verka inom en kontext av såväl elit som ungdomar och utveckling. Denna studie visar att expert-coach är ett komplext begrepp som kräver fördjupad forskning.

Abstract [en]

Introduction and aim

Instead of assessing and evaluating a coach from bad to good, a coach can be approached from a continuum where beginners are one extreme and experts are the other. Previous research on expert coaches has two approaches, the development of expertise in coaching and the professional coach’s characteristics and abilities. Characteristics and abilities of an expert coach can be seen as key concept in this study. Underlying concepts in expert coach characteristics is trait, behavior and coaching/leadership style. Underlying concepts in the expert coach's abilities is knowledge and psychological skills. The aim of this study is to explore how Swedish coaches and athletes look at characteristics and abilities of expert-coaches as well as in which Swedish sports context an expert-coach working.

Method

The study is qualitative in design, as well as a cross-sectional study in which semi-structured interviews were used as data collection methods. Participants in the study were six national team coaches (3 man och 3 women between 45-53 years) and six national team athletes (5 man och 1 woman between 25-32 years). The interviews were transcribed, thematic analysis and content analysis was used to interpret and analyze the collected data.

Results

Regarding coaches characteristics, the study found that communication skill, as well as the coaches’ ability to support and focus on the individual athlete, distinguished the expert coaches from others. Result also show that when it comes to the expert coaches abilities, the underlying concept of knowledge is divided into professional knowledge, interpersonal skills and knowledge of self. Both coaches and athletes agree that an expert coach requires all of these skills. There are no psychological skills that are distinctive, but emotional intelligence is considered as important for an expert coach.

Conclusions

Exploration of the expert coach's characteristics and abilities based on key concepts in previous research, together with the most important findings in this study resulted in a model of the concept of expert coach. The characteristics and abilities that are considered most important in an expert coach are communication skills and the ability to see the individual. Both coaches and athletes believe that an expert coach can operate within a context of both elite and youth development. This study shows that expert coach is a complex concept that requires in-depth research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Series
Examensarbete, 2013:60
Keyword [sv]
Idrottspsykologi, coach, tränare, expertis, karaktärsdrag, beteende, coach/ledarstil, kunskap, psykologiska färdigheter, kontext, idrott
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3066OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3066DiVA: diva2:664824
Educational program
Master programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-18 Last updated: 2013-11-18Bibliographically approved

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