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HIV/AIDS: Kunskap och attityder hos sjuksköterskor
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors kunskap och attityder gentemot patienter som lever med HIV eller AIDS samt beskriva eventuella skillnader i kunskap och attityder mellan yngre och äldre sjuksköterskor. Metod: Föreliggande empiriska studie hade en kvantitativ ansats med en beskrivande jämförande design. Urvalsmetoden var ett bekvämlighetsurval där totalt 63 sjuksköterskor deltog och enkäter skickades ut till nio avdelningar på tre olika sjukhus. Resultat: Majoriteten av sjuksköterskorna hade god kunskap om HIV och AIDS, positiva attityder samt en vilja att vårda denna patientgrupp. En del av sjuksköterskorna uttryckte dock en rädsla för att smittas av HIV, ett behov av mer utbildning och negativa attityder gentemot vissa specifika grupper med sjukdomen. Yngre sjuksköterskor hade positivare attityder än äldre då det fanns en signifikant skillnad i attityder mellan dessa åldersgrupper. Slutsats: Trots att sjuksköterskorna hade god kunskap, positiva attityder och en vilja att vårda denna patientgrupp förelåg en rädsla att bli smittad av HIV och därför behövs mer utbildning om HIV och AIDS för sjuksköterskor. Yngre sjuksköterskor hade även positivare attityder än äldre. Vidare forskning bör även genomföras då få studier belyser detta område i Sverige.

Abstract [en]

Aim: To describe nurses knowledge and attitudes towards patients who are living with HIV or AIDS and to describe potential differences in knowledge and attitudes between younger and older nurses. Method: The present empirical study had a quantitative approach with a descriptive comparative design. The sampling method was a convenience sample in which a total of 63 nurses participated and questionnaires were sent to nine divisions in three different hospitals. Results: The majority of the nurses had good knowledge of HIV and AIDS, positive attitudes and a willingness to care for this group of patients. Some of the nurses, however, expressed a fear of contracting HIV, a need for more education and negative attitudes towards specific groups with the disease. There was a significant difference in attitudes between age groups, the younger nurses had a more positive attitude than the older nurses. Conclusion: Although the nurses had good knowledge, positive attitudes and a willingness to care for this group of patients, there was a fear of contracting HIV and therefore more education about HIV and AIDS is needed for nurses. Younger nurses had more positive attitudes than older nurses. Further research is also needed since just a few studies illustrate this in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
AIDS, attitudes, HIV, knowledge, nurses
Keyword [sv]
AIDS, attityder, HIV, kunskap, sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15732Archive number: SSKVk11- 06OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-15732DiVA: diva2:663999
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-11-14 Created: 2013-11-13 Last updated: 2013-11-14Bibliographically approved

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