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Sjuksköterskans roll och upplevelser vid vård i livets slutskede: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskans roll och upplevelser vid vård i livets slutskede. Syftet var även att värdera vilken betydelse datainsamlingsmetoden har för de inkluderade artiklarna.

Metod: Beskrivande litteraturstudie baserad på 13 vetenskapliga artiklar som söktes i databaserna Cinahl och PubMed via Högskolan i Gävle. En metodologisk granskning av de ingående artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetod genomfördes.

Resultat: Vård i livets slutskede krävde teamarbete där både vårdpersonal, patient och närstående ingår. Sjuksköterskans roll innefattade ett professionellt förhållningssätt där patient och närstående inkluderades som en helhet. Resultatet visade betydelsen av sjuksköterskans närvaro och lyhördhet i omvårdnaden men beskrev även vikten av att bevara en balans mellan närvaro och distans. Sjuksköterskans upplevelser innefattade både positiva och negativa upplevelser, vilket påverkade sjuksköterskan både i privat- och arbetslivet. Tidsbrist och otillräcklig kunskap upplevdes som hinder för att uppnå god vård. Vård i livets slutskede upplevdes även som unikt och ett privilegium som gav sjuksköterskorna en personlig utveckling. Semistrukturerade intervjuer förekom i 6 artiklar och resterande 7 artiklar använde ostrukturerade intervjuer.

Slutsats: Sjuksköterskans roll innefattar flera element och för att utöva god omvårdnad vid vård i livets slutskede krävs ett professionellt förhållningssätt. Vård i livets slutskede ger sjuksköterskan både positiva och negativa upplevelser. Vald datainsamlingsmetod i de inkluderade artiklarna ger djupare förståelse för det fenomen som studeras.

Abstract [en]

Aim: To describe the nurse's role and experiences of end-of-life care.The aim was also to value which significance data collection method have for the included articles.

Method: Descriptive study based on 13 scientific articles which were searched in the databases Cinahl and PubMed through the University of Gävle. Methodological examinations of the included articles data collection method were performed.

Results: End-of-life care required teamwork where healthcare professionals, patients and families are included. Nurse's role comprised a professional approach in which the dying patient and relatives were included as a whole. The results showed the importance of the nurse's presence and responsiveness of care but also described the importance of maintaining a balance between presence and distance. Nurses' experiences included both positive and negative experiences, which affected the nurse both in private and professional life. Lack of time and knowledge were experienced by nurses as barriers to achieve good care. End-of-life care was perceived also as unique and a privilege that gave nurses a personal development. Semistructured interviews occurred in 6 articles and the remaining 7 articles used unstructured interviews.

Conclusion: Nurses role includes several elements and to practice good care in end-of-life care requires a professional approach. End-of-life care give nurses both positive and negative experiences. Selected data collection method in the included articles provides a deeper understanding of the phenomenon being studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
End-of-life care, Experience, Nurses role
Keyword [sv]
Sjuksköterskans roll, Upplevelse, Vård i livets slutskede
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15727Archive number: SSKVk11- 05OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-15727DiVA: diva2:663829
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-11-13 Created: 2013-11-13 Last updated: 2013-11-13Bibliographically approved

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