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Sjukvårdspersonals attityder till patienter med borderline personlighetsstörning med eller utan självskadebeteende: En litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

BAKGRUND: Litteraturen antyder att sjuksköterskor stigmatiserar och diskriminerar patienter med vissa diagnoser, i synnerhet schizofreni och borderline personlighetsstörning (BPS). BPS beskrivs som den psykiatriska diagnos med störst laddning och kring vilken det florerar flest stereotypa fördomar.

SYFTE: Genom granskning av befintlig forskning i form av originalartiklar publicerade i vetenskapliga tidskrifter avser denna studie att sammanställa befintlig kunskap om sjukvårdspersonals attityder till patienter med borderline personlighetsstörning med eller utan självskadebeteende.

METOD: Systematisk litteraturstudie. Litteratursökningar utfördes i databaserna PubMed, CINAHL och SCOPUS.

RESULTAT: 21 studier inkluderades i resultatet. En rad olika studier påvisade en allmänt negativ attityd gentemot patienter med BPS med eller utan självskadebeteende. Vårdpersonal skattade mer negativa erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med BPS i jämförelse med schizofreni och depression. Vårdpersonal tenderade att skatta patienter med BPS som mer farliga, mindre trovärdiga samt ansåg att de hade mindre interpersonella färdigheter.

SLUTSATS: Vårdpersonal, inte minst sjuksköterskor uppvisar negativa attityder i en icke försumbar utsträckning till patienter med BPS med eller utan självskadande beteenden. Detta kan leda till en inadekvat vård och behandling för den berörda patientgruppen.

Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The literature shows that nurses stigmatize and discriminate against patients with certain diagnoses, particularly schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder. Borderline personality disorder is generally described as being among the more heavy psychiatric conditions, and therefore very mired in stereotypes and prejudices.

AIM: To summarize the current knowledge regarding attitudes of health professionals relating to borderline personality disorder and self-harm.

METHOD: Systematic literature review. Literature search was made in the databases PubMed, CINAHL and SCOPUS.

RESULTS: 21 studies were included in the results. A variety of studies demonstrated a general attitude of negativity toward patients with BPD with or without tendencies of self-harm. Clinicians reported more negative experiences working with BPD patients than with schizophrenia or depression patients. Caregivers tended to assess BPD patients as being more dangerous, less credible and having less interpersonal skills.

CONCLUSION: Healthcare professionals, especially nurses, exhibit negative attitudes to a significant extent toward BPD patients as well as patients with self-harm tendencies. This may lead to inadequate care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitudes of health personnel, borderline, self-harm, nursing
Keyword [sv]
Attityder hos sjukvårdspersonal, borderline, självskadebeteende, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210641OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-210641DiVA: diva2:663661
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot psykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-11-12 Created: 2013-11-12 Last updated: 2014-08-15Bibliographically approved

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