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Sjuköterskestudenters attityder till hivrelaterad sjukdom och hivpositiva patienter: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva sjuksköterskestudenters attityder till hivrelaterad sjukdom och människor som lever med hiv. Ett ytterligare syfte var att granska undersökningsgrupperna utifrån urval och bortfall i de valda artiklarna som ingick i studien. Föreliggande studie har en deskriptiv design och omfattar 13 artiklar med kvantitativ och kvalitativ ansats. Resultatet visade att negativa attityder förekom i varierande utsträckning bland sjuksköterskestudenter i alla världsdelar. Detta trots att majoriteten av deltagarna i studierna var positivt inställda till vårda och behandla människor som lever med hivrelaterad sjukdom.

Faktorer som visade sig kunna påverka attityder var ålder, arbetslivserfarenhet, kunskap om hivrelaterad sjukdom och att personligen känna någon som lever med hiv. Det framkom även ett samband mellan land, kultur och sjuksköterskestudenternas attityder.

Studenterna visade sig ofta ha negativa attityder vilka grundades på okunskap och rädsla vilket frekvent ledde till stigmatisering av patientgruppen. Det visade sig att det fanns en kunskapsbrist hos studenterna och att få hade tillfredsställande kunskap om hivrelaterad sjukdom och dess smittvägar.

Slutsatsen är att sjuksköterskestudenter under sin utbildning ej får tillräcklig kunskap kring hivrelaterad sjukdom vilket kan resultera i negativa attityder, samt svårigheter att möta människor som lever med hiv. Detta kan leda till att den blivande sjuksköterskan kan uppleva otrygghet inför patientmötet.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to describe nursing students' attitudes towards HIV- related illness and people living with HIV. A further aim was to examine the study groups on the basis of selection and non-response in the selected articles that were included in the study.  The study has a descriptive design and is based on 13 articles with both quantitative and qualitative approach. The results showed that negative attitudes were present in varying degrees among nursing students in all continents. This result was found, despite the fact that the majority of the participants in the studies were positive to nurse and treat people living with HIV- related illness.

Factors that appeared to influence attitudes were age, work experience, knowledge of HIV - related disease and knowing someone living with HIV. There was also a connection between country, culture and nursing students' attitudes.

The students were often found to have negative attitudes which were based on lack of awareness and fear which frequently led to stigmatization of the patient group. It turned out that there was a lack of knowledge among the students and that few had adequate knowledge of HIV - related disease and its transmission routes.

The conclusion is that nursing students during their training does not get sufficient knowledge about HIV - related illness. This can result in difficulties to meet people living with HIV when the aspiring nurse may experience insecurity in meeting the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 27 p.
Keyword [sv]
hiv/aids, sjuksköterskestudenter, attityder, stigmatisering, utbildning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-15714Archive number: SSKVk11- 03OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-15714DiVA: diva2:663337
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-11-11 Created: 2013-11-11 Last updated: 2013-11-11Bibliographically approved

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Anna Andersson och Fia Öberg(595 kB)317 downloads
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