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The Good, The Bad and The Seascape: Possible Effects of Climate Change in Tropical People and Ecosystems in the Western Indian Ocean Using a Gender Perspective
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The tropical seascape is herein defined as a landscape made up of five ecosystems: coastal terrestrial forests, mangrove forests, seagrass beds, coral reefs and the deep sea. Previous studies have shown that men and women use the tropical seascape in different ways. If the seascape was to change as a result of anthropogenic climate change, then men and women could potentially be affected differently by those changes. The seascape is particularly vulnerable to the predicted rise in sea-level and ocean warming, but the coastal terrestrial forests and mangrove forests are in addition vulnerable to the increased storms and hurricanes a warmer climate is predicted to lead to. While men and women utilizes these ecosystems in many different ways, this study found, based on the literature reviewed, that in a worst-case scenario all parts of the seascape could potentially be destroyed and none of the activities performed there today could be performed in the future. The deep sea would not be destroyed, but the fish living there would move to higher latitudes and deeper waters, effectively ending the fishing practices in the tropical waters. To save the tropical seascape anthropogenic climate change would have to stop on a global scale, since the problem cannot be solved on a local or regional level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
climate change, tropics, tropical seascape, seagrass beds, coral reefs, mangrove forests, vulnerability
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-96064OAI: diva2:663160
Available from: 2013-11-19 Created: 2013-11-10 Last updated: 2013-11-19Bibliographically approved

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