Ab initio quantum mechanical calculation of the reaction probability for the Cl- + PH2Cl -> ClPH2 + Cl- reaction
2013 (English)In: Chemical Physics, ISSN 0301-0104, E-ISSN 1873-4421, Vol. 425, 134-140 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The SN2 substitution reactions at phosphorus play a key role in organic and biological processes. Quantum molecular dynamics simulations have been performed to study the prototype reaction Cl-+PH2Cl→ClPH2+Cl-, using one and two-dimensional models. A potential energy surface, showing an energy well for a transition complex, was generated using ab initio electronic structure calculations. The one-dimensional model is essentially reflection free, whereas the more realistic two-dimensional model displays involved resonance structures in the reaction probability. The reaction rate is almost two orders of magnitude smaller for the two-dimensional compared to the one-dimensional model. Energetic errors in the potential energy surface is estimated to affect the rate by only a factor of two. This shows that for these types of reactions it is more important to increase the dimensionality of the modeling than to increase the accuracy of the electronic structure calculation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 425, 134-140 p.
Nucleophilic substitution (S(N)2); Reaction probability; Quantum dynamics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210368DOI: 10.1016/j.chemphys.2013.08.011ISI: 000327443700016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-210368DiVA: diva2:662195
FunderMarcus and Amalia Wallenberg FoundationSwedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), p2011004