Essays on trade and environment
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
The thesis comprises four essays examining aspects of international trade and environment.
"Border carbon adjustments (BCAs) and Strategic Climate Policy" examines how BCA affects government incentives to regulate emissions and trade in a strategic setting and contrasts the impact of a BCA and a tariff: the distinction being that the level of the BCA is a function of the difference in the trade partner's emission taxes whereas the tariff is not. I show that a BCA leverages the exporter's climate policy provided the exporter has little influence over world prices (i.e. export supply elasticity is large) and has a weak climate policy.
"How does the price of electricity affect imports? A study of Swedish manufacturing firms" examines the heterogeneous effects of a domestic electricity price increase on the structure of imports. We identify the magnitude of the impact of the electricity price increase on the structure of firm imports. Our findings agree with the predictions of our theoretical model.
"Trade, Transboundary Pollution and Market Size" suggests a new set of theoretical reasons that may help reconcile the contradictory empirical evidence of the impact of trade liberalization on the location of production to countries with weaker pollution policy. Our results suggest that relative market size, the level of trade costs, the ease of abatement, and the degree of product differentiation at the sector level are relevant variables for empirical studies on trade and pollution.
Market shares for organic products are typically modest. Yet several consumer surveys find that a majority of respondents would buy substantially more of these products even if they cost more. "What’s holding it back? A study in organic retail coffee purchases" explores reasons for this apparent divergence. The results suggest that the limited overlap between organic and other highly-valued characteristics is one of the most important constraints.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Economics, Stockholm University , 2013. , 118 p.
Dissertations in Economics, ISSN 1404-3491
International trade, environment, border carbon adjustments, climate change policy, discreet choice, labelling, econometrics
Research subject Economics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95860ISBN: 978-91-7447-805-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-95860DiVA: diva2:661914
2013-12-06, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Ederington, Josh, Professor
Forslid, Rikard, Professor