Rural-Urban Migration in the Context of Babati Town, Tanzania: Causes and Effects on Poor Peoples' Quality of Life
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The objective of this research is to study peoples’ reasons for rural-urban migration in the Babati district of Tanzania and the outcomes of such a migration on the migrants’ quality of life in Babati town. This qualitative study is based on semi-structured interviews and secondary sources. The interviews were performed with poor people in urban Babati town and two villages in rural Babati district. In the last thirty years the population of Babati town has increased more than threefold. The causes of rural-urban migration to Babati town are to be found in economical, social and cultural factors. The economic predominate, with the search for employment mentioned by all the migrants in the study. The migrants in Babati town emphasized adequate housing as a very important factor for a good life in town. This need was in many cases not fulfilled. Many were also still lacking social services and could not afford to buy basic necessities. The greatest asset for the people who have moved to Babati town was the diverse market of employment. The benefits of living in Babati town seem to outnumber the problems for most of the urban migrants. For the villagers of Mutuka the greatest asset was good natural conditions for agriculture and lifestock. In Magugu a great advantage was trade, the affordability of houses, food and necessary things. Due to differences of the dynamics of the two villages the people of Mutuka were more eager to move to Babati town than the inhabitants of Magugu. Small harvests and an insufficient market for farming products were great concerns as well as lack of social services.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 34 p.
urbanization, agriculture, employment, social services, housing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-20089OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-20089DiVA: diva2:660954
Subject / course
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law