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Negation Scope Delimitation in Clinical Text Using Three Approaches: NegEx, PyConTextNLP and SynNeg
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences. Karolinska University Hospital.
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2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the 19th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA 2013) / [ed] Stephan Oepen, Kristin Hagen, Janne Bondi Johannessen, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2013, 387-474 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Negation detection is a key component in clinical information extraction systems, as health record text contains reasonings in which the physician excludes different diagnoses by negating them. Many systems for negation detection rely on negation cues (e.g. not), but only few studies have investigated if the syntactic structure of the sentences can be used for determining the scope of these cues. We have in this paper compared three different systems for negation detection in Swedish clinical text (NegEx, PyConTextNLP and SynNeg), which have different approaches for determining the scope of negation cues. NegEx uses the distance between the cue and the disease, PyConTextNLP relies on a list of conjunctions limiting the scope of a cue, and in SynNeg the boundaries of the sentence units, provided by a syntactic parser, limit the scope of the cues. The three systems produced similar results, detecting negation with an F-score of around 80%, but using a parser had advantages when handling longer, complex sentences or short sentences with contradictory statements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2013. 387-474 p.
Series
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings, ISSN 1650-3740 ; 85
Keyword [en]
Clinical text, negation detection, syntactic analysis
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Computer and Systems Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95620ISBN: 978-91-7519-589-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-95620DiVA: diva2:660927
Conference
19th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA 2013), May 22-24, 2013, Oslo, Norway
Available from: 2013-10-31 Created: 2013-10-31 Last updated: 2013-11-25Bibliographically approved

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