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FSI analysis of Francis turbines exposed to sediment erosion
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology. Kathmandu University.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Sediment erosion is one of the key challenges in hydraulic turbines from a design and maintenanceperspective in Himalayas and Andes. Past research works have shown that the optimization of theFrancis turbine runner blade shapes can decrease erosion by a signicant amount. This study conductedas a Master's Thesis has taken the proposed designs from past works and conducted a CFDanalysis on a single passage of a Francis runner blade to choose an optimized design in terms of erosionand eciency. Structural analyses have been performed on the selected design through one-way andtwo-way FSI to compare the structural integrity of the designs.Two types of cases have been considered in this thesis work to dene the boundary condition of thestructural model. In the rst case, a runner blade is considered to have no in uence of the joint andother stier components. In the second case, a sector of the whole runner has been modeled withnecessary boundary conditions. Both one-way and two-way FSI have been performed on the casesfor the designs. Mesh independent studies have been performed for the designs, but only for the rstcase, whereas in the second case, a ne mesh has been used to make the analysis appropriate.The loads have been imported into the structural domain from the uid on the interfaces for one-wayFSI. In the case of two-way FSI, the Multi-Field Solver (MFX) supported by ANSYS has been usedto solve the coupled eld analysis. A fully coupled FSI in ANSYS works by writing an input le inthe structural solver containing the information about the interfaces in the structural domain, whichis imported in the uid solver. The interaction between the two domains is dened in ANSYS-CFX,including the mesh deformation and solver setups. The results have been post-processed in CFX-Post,where the results from both the elds are included. It has been found that the structural integrity ofthe optimized design is better than the reference design in terms of the maximum stress induced inthe runner. The two-way FSI analysis has been found as an inevitable part of the numerical analysis.However, with the advancement of the computational capability in the future, there could be a greatscope in the research eld to carry out a fully-coupled transient simulation for the whole runner toget a more accurate solution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 94 p.
Keyword [en]
FSI, sediment, erosion, Francis, turbine
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133298OAI: diva2:660362
2013-09-19, 13:00 (English)
Available from: 2013-10-29 Created: 2013-10-29 Last updated: 2013-10-29Bibliographically approved

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