Bat species richness and activity in forest habitats close to lakes versus far from lakes, in Sweden
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The long-term effects of large-scale changes in forestry, agriculture and other land use on habitats and the large-scale expansion of wind farming affects bats foraging environments. In order to predict consequences of exploitations on local bat species and populations, good surveys are important. To get good background information for an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) it is crucial to rapidly assess which areas are most important for bats. The aim of this work was to measure the importance of the two types of forest environment for bats foraging : forest areas located close to or far from the lakes. Bat activity and species diversity was measured with automatic ultrasound recorders in 211 nights of fieldwork at 155 locations in 23 areas in different parts of Sweden during June, July and the first two weeks of August 2011 and 2012. A total of 11 species were recorded in forest far from lakes and 8 species in forest close to lakes. Eptesicus nilssonii , Myotis sp. and Pipistrellus pygmaeus were the most common taxa in both habitat types. Activity levels were higher in the vicinity of lakes compared to forests far away from lakes. Species diversity calculated on base on Chao 2 was similar for both types of habitats . The results suggest that the forests close to lakes are the most important habitats to surveys for bats in Sweden and that inventory efforts should be primarily invested in them.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 27 p.
bats, bat species richness, bat activity, lakes, wind farming, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-29992OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-29992DiVA: diva2:659560
Subject / course
Biology Programme, 180 credits
De Jong, Johnny, ForskningsledareEngkvist, Roland, Universitetslektor
Svensson, Andreas, Universitetsadjunkt