Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Simulations
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. University of Skövde.
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is concerned with explanations of embodied cognition as internal simulation. The hypothesis is that several cognitive processes can be explained in terms of predictive chains of simulated perceptions and actions.

In other words, perceptions and actions are reactivated internally by the nervous system to be used in cognitive phenomena such as mental imagery.

This thesis contributes by advancing the theoretical foundations of simulations and the empirical grounds on which they are based, including a review of the empiricial evidence for the existence of simulated perceptions and actions in cognition, a clarification of the representational function of simulations in cognition, as well as identifying implicit, bodily and environmental anticipation as key mechanisms underlying such simulations. The thesis also develops the ³inception of simulation² hypothesis, which suggests that dreaming has a function in the development of simulations by forming associations between experienced, non-experienced but realistic, and even unrealistic perceptions during early childhood. The thesis further investigates some aspects of simulations and the ³inception of simulation² hypothesis by using simulated robot models based on echo state networks. These experiments suggest that it is possible for a simple robot to develop internal simulations by associating simulated perceptions and actions, and that dream-like experiences can be beneficial for the development of such simulations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. , 64 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1551
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98050DOI: 10.3384/diss.diva-98050ISBN: 978-91-7519-491-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-98050DiVA: diva2:658266
Public defence
2013-11-21, G110, hus G, Högskolan i Skövde, Skövde, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-10-21 Created: 2013-09-26 Last updated: 2013-11-26Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Embodied representation: What are the issues
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Embodied representation: What are the issues
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society: CogSci05 / [ed] Bruno G. Bara, Lawrence Barsalou, Monica Bucciarelli, Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates , 2005, 2116-2121 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A common theme of many discussions among embodied cognition researchers is whether or not cognition is making use of epresentations. This debate has recently been called a “debate for the sake of appearance” because there is no agreed upon way of identifying what is a representation. Therefore, instead of elaborating our own position on whether embodied cognition uses representation, we structure the debate by (1) reviewing three types of mechanisms in models of embodied cognition that might be considered candidates for epresentationhood and (2) outlining criteria for what is or is not a representation in embodied cognition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005
National Category
Interaction Technologies Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99807 (URN)978-0-9768318-1-5 (ISBN)0-9768318-1-3 (ISBN)
Conference
27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2005) July 21-23 Stresa, Italy
Available from: 2007-10-01 Created: 2013-10-21 Last updated: 2013-10-21
2. Clarifying Embodied Cognition: SimulationTheories of Shared Neural Mechanisms used Sensorimotor and Cognitive Processes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clarifying Embodied Cognition: SimulationTheories of Shared Neural Mechanisms used Sensorimotor and Cognitive Processes
2007 (English)In: Original published in: Body, Language and Mind, Vol. 1: Embodiment / [ed] Tom Ziemke, Jordan Zlatev, Roslyn M. Frank, Mouton de Gruyter , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Although an increasing number of cognitive scientists are convinced that cognition is embodied, there still is relatively little agreement on what exactly that means. Notions of what it actually means for a cognizer to be embodied range from simplistic ones such as ‘being physical’ or ‘interacting with an environment’ to more demanding ones that consider aparticular morphology or a living body prerequisites for embodied cognition. Based on experimental evidence from a range of disciplines, we argue that one of the keys to understanding the embodiment of cognition is the sharing of neural mechanisms between sensorimotor processes and higher-level cognitive processes. The latter are argued to be embodied in the sense that they make use of (partial) simulations or emulations of sensorimotor processes through the re-activation of neural circuitry also active in bodily perception and action.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mouton de Gruyter, 2007
Keyword
Action, embodied cognition, gesture, intersubjectivity, language, mirror neurons, perception, simulation theories
National Category
Social Sciences Interaction Technologies
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99979 (URN)
Note

Minor and cosmetic changes to title and text have been introduced in this version the request of De Gruyter Mounton for bibliographical reasons. ISBN: 978-3-11-019327-5

Available from: 2013-10-24 Created: 2013-10-24 Last updated: 2013-11-05Bibliographically approved
3. Neural Pathways of Embodied Simulation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neural Pathways of Embodied Simulation
2009 (English)In: Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems, ABiALS 2008, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg , 2009, 95-114 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Simulation theories have in recent years proposed that a cognitiveagent's "inner world" can at least partly be constituted by internal emulations or simulations of its sensorimotor interaction with the world, i.e. covert perception and action. This paper further integrates simulation theory with the notion of the brain as a predictive machine. In particular, it outlines the neural pathways of covert simulations, which include implicit anticipation in cerebellar and basal gangliar circuits, bodily anticipation by means of forward models in the cerebellum, and environmental anticipation in the neocortex. The paper also discusses, to some extent, possible implications of the neural pathways of covert simulation for the frame problem, and the relation between procedural and declarative knowledge in covert simulations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2009
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 5499
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99804 (URN)10.1007/978-3-642-02565-5_6 (DOI)000269259700006 ()2-s2.0-70349306443 (Scopus ID)978-3-642-02564-8 (ISBN)
Conference
ABiALS 2008: The fourth workshop on Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems, 26 June 2008, Munich, Germany
Available from: 2010-01-07 Created: 2013-10-21 Last updated: 2013-10-21Bibliographically approved
4. Representation as Internal Simulation: A Minimalistic Robotic Model
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Representation as Internal Simulation: A Minimalistic Robotic Model
2009 (English)In: Proceedings of the Thirty-First Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society / [ed] Niels Taatgen and Hedderik van Rijn, Cognitive Science Society, Inc. , 2009, 2890-2895 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Embodied cognition theorists have in recent years proposed that a cognitive agent's "representations" or "inner world" can at least partly be constituted by internal emulations or simulations of its sensorimotor interaction with the world, i.e. covert perception and action. This paper recapitulates some of the empirical evidence, distinguishes between implicit, internal and external anticipation, and discusses possible neural correlates. Furthermore a robotic neurocomputational model of external anticipation is presented and analyzed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cognitive Science Society, Inc., 2009
Keyword
Anticipation, Emulation theory, Inner world, Simulation theory
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99805 (URN)978-0-9768318-5-3 (ISBN)
Conference
Thirty-First Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, July 29-August 1, 2009, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Available from: 2009-10-20 Created: 2013-10-21 Last updated: 2013-10-21Bibliographically approved
5. The inception of simulation: a hypothesis for the role of dreams in young children
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The inception of simulation: a hypothesis for the role of dreams in young children
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society / [ed] Carlson, L.. et al., Cognitive Science Society, Inc. , 2011, 231-236 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the present paper, we present an argument and an initial model connecting research into the functional role of dreams with simulation theories. Traditionally, although theories that describe the refinement of simulations exist, the origin of these simulations is not considered in detail. Similarly, research into the functional role of dreams tends to focus on adults, with less regard to the dreams of young children.

Here, we suggest that a functional role of dreams in infants through to early childhood may be the inception of these simulations. We show that the proposed model can present a unified explanation for functions of both the phenomenological experience of dreaming as well as other aspects of brain activity during sleeping, e.g. the processing of memories. Additionally, it explicitly provides an account for the development of simulations in early childhood, hypothesising that an initial function of dreams is the inception and development of simulations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cognitive Science Society, Inc., 2011
Keyword
Simulation Hypothesis; Dream functions; Cognitive Development
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99803 (URN)978-0-9768318-7-7 (ISBN)
Conference
The 33rd annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, July 20-23, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Available from: 2012-04-03 Created: 2013-10-21 Last updated: 2013-10-21
6. Dreaming of electric sheep?: Exploring the functions of dream-like mechanisms in the development of mental imagery simulations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dreaming of electric sheep?: Exploring the functions of dream-like mechanisms in the development of mental imagery simulations
2013 (English)In: Adaptive Behavior, ISSN 1059-7123, E-ISSN 1741-2633, Vol. 21, no 4, 222-238 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

According to the simulation hypothesis, mental imagery can be explained in terms of predictive chains of simulated perceptions and actions, i.e., perceptions and actions are reactivated internally by our nervous system to be used in mental imagery and other cognitive phenomena. Our previous research shows that it is possible but not trivial to develop simulations in robots based on the simulation hypothesis. While there are several previous approaches to modelling mental imagery and related cognitive abilities, the origin of such internal simulations has hardly been addressed. The inception of simulation (InSim) hypothesis suggests that dreaming has a function in the development of simulations by forming associations between experienced, non-experienced but realistic, and even unrealistic perceptions. Here, we therefore develop an experimental set-up based on a simple simulated robot to test whether such dream-like mechanisms can be used to instruct research into the development of simulations and mental imagery-like abilities. Specifically, the hypothesis is that dreams' informing the construction of simulations lead to faster development of good simulations during waking behaviour. The paper presents initial results in favour of the hypothesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2013
Keyword
Mental imagery, simulation hypothesis
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99806 (URN)10.1177/1059712313491295 (DOI)000322697200002 ()2-s2.0-84881062703 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-10-17 Created: 2013-10-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06

Open Access in DiVA

Simulations(1241 kB)992 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1241 kBChecksum SHA-512
5b0669b5cda42f991e88c9a2d23244e89a1c50d8688fdd8be9bfdba90f7c9b93f835e550fc12a4a3e307986e360c5bab79ca12332e8ae4b684c6831b61fe2b87
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
omslag(5627 kB)128 downloads
File information
File name COVER01.pdfFile size 5627 kBChecksum SHA-512
e85ecacd76b60aaa08c74a73ae0997d7f62dd560b8682a49bd69306baea5a2fdececbbe7684754bdb25b53fcb79d2c207bd3aa96e18b9bd536dd02a4b1e70abd
Type coverMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text
By organisation
Department of Computer and Information ScienceThe Institute of Technology
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 992 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1061 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf