Procedures to implement Fisching for Litter activities in the OSPAR region
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency 2007 (English)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Background Report on Fishing-for-litter Activities in the OSPAR Region (English)
Marine litter has a serious negative impact on the aesthetic qualities of many important coastal stretches, and has a significant detrimental economic effect on local coastal communities worldwide, including in the North-East Atlantic region. The assessment made within the framework of the OSPAR Commission, and reported in the OSPAR Quality Status Report (QSR) 2000, indicated that there had been no improvement in the situation with regard to marine litter since the previous quality status report for the region.Marine litter has been discussed at a high political level and included in declarations and statements from several ministerial meetings, including the Bergen 5th North Sea Conference in 2002 and Bremen OSPAR Ministerial Meeting in 2003.OSPAR 2004 agreed on work to consider various measures for combating marine litter in the North-East Atlantic region. As one outcome of the products of this work this report presents background information on procedures to implement Fishing-for-litter activities in the OSPAR Region. The report considers decisions and initiatives to reduce marine litter in the OSPAR region as well as the socio-economic impact of marine litter on the fisheries sector and reviews existing experience of fishing for litter activities, including within the Save the North Sea Fishing for Litter initiative.On the basis of some experiences from the activities implemented so far (see section 4) the report proposes a number of issues that need to be considered when discussing an expansion or initiation of Fishing-for-litter initiatives in additional countries or harbours in the OSPAR region (see section 5). Such issues include (see section 6), e.g., what is required from the participating countries and local communities, existing legislation on reception facilities, the need for a long-term commitment, coordination responsibilities, equipment on board vessels, options for delivery and reception ashore, and capacity and schemes for waste handling/management/disposal in local communities. Economic issues – fee systems, economic compensation for additional costs incurred – also have to be discussed. Furthermore, the implementation of legislation on mandatory reporting to the authorities of loss of nets at sea throughout the OSPAR area has been suggested. The report concludes that the SNS Fishing-for-litter initiative has demonstrated on a limited scale that the objectives of the scheme can gain the support of the fishing industry, port authorities and local authorities. It can contribute to changing practices and culture within the fishing sector, provide a mechanism to remove marine litter from the sea and seabed, and raise awareness among the fishing industry, other sectors and the general public.It could be argued that if similar schemes were to be implemented throughout the OSPAR region, significant amounts of marine litter could be removed from the sea thus reducing both environmental impacts and economic costs to the fishing industry and other sectors. However, in order to keep up with the present likely rate of accumulation of litter on the seabeds in the region, Fishing-for-litter activities would probably have to be complemented with large-scale, regular and targeted clean-up operations operated and funded by, e.g., governments and government agencies.As a result of this report, the 2006 OSPAR Commission meeting has instructed the Working Group EIHA to develop further during autumn 2006 the draft guidelines for implementing Fishing-for-litter in the OSPAR area for consideration by BDC in 2007.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OSPAR Commission , 2007.
farming, economy, oceans, environment, society, transportation
Skottland, Sverige, Japan, Nederländerna, Danmark, Norge, Medelhavet, Save north sea-project, Havsstrand, Survey, Litter, Fishing, Debris, Marin miljö
Research subject Miljöövervakningens programområden, Coast and sea; Environmental Objectives, A Balanced Marine Environment, Flourishing Coastal Areas and Archipelagos
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:naturvardsverket:diva-79Local ID: 101ef097-1a27-4698-8c3a-6c73ba760769ISBN: 978-1-905859-64-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:naturvardsverket-79DiVA: diva2:657644