Low-frequency dielectric properties of three bentonites at different adsorbed water states
2013 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 411, 16-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Three bentonites of varying smectite content were investigated by dielectric spectroscopy in the frequency range 10(-4) to 10(6)Hz after storage at well-defined humidities. The identification of relaxation processes from complex permittivity measurements was difficult, since conductivity effects were superimposed on the underlying relaxations. Relaxation peaks revealed by the dissipation factor indicated the occurrence of interfacial processes between 10(2) and 10(6) Hz. The intensity of the polarization of the electrochemical double-layer at the clay-water interface was promoted by increasing water content and was shifted to higher frequencies the higher the water content in the bentonites. Below ∼1Hz, electrode polarization (EP) was shown to be a participating process with capacitance values ranging from 0.6(*)10(-3) to 7.3(*)10(-3)F due to the accumulated charges. An equivalent circuit model was introduced that successfully described the low-frequency dielectric behavior of bentonites at low moisture levels. An included series R-CPE connection was used to describe the double-layer relaxation. At water contents up to 17%, the bulk resistivity was mainly influenced by smectite content and cation exchange capacity, whereas at water contents of ⩾19%, interlayer occupation and hydration state became more important.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 411, 16-26 p.
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials; Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209437DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.08.025ISI: 000326135600003PubMedID: 24112835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-209437DiVA: diva2:657501