Past and Non-past Structures in the Mazandarani Dialect Spoken by the Galesh of Ziarat
2013 (English)In: Orientalia Suecana, ISSN 0078-6578, Vol. 61, 199-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article1 deals with the Mazandarani dialect spoken in Ziarat, a village near Gorgan in Golestan Province,Iran. This dialect is spoken by the Galesh cow herders in this area and is to be regarded as a variant of Mazandarani, which is spoken in Mazandaran Province and neighbouring regions south of the Caspian Sea in Iran. I give a brief description of the past and non-past2 verb forms in the Ziarat dialect and show the formation of the present/future, past, and past imperfect indicative verbs in this dialect. I conclude that the formation of the non-past indicative is influenced by Persian, whereas the past indicative and past imperfect indicative follow the Mazandarani structure. However, when the past imperfect has a derivational preverb, it uses a Persian structure with a Mazandarani stem. All personal endings, except the 3SG past ending, are copied from Persian. On the whole, this hybrid dialect can basically be described as a dialect of Mazandarani, but it is affected by Standard Persian, Gorgani Persian3 and Khorasani Persian depending on the geographic situation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2013. Vol. 61, 199-209 p.
Mazandarani, Galesh, Ziarat dialect, Sari dialect, Persian, language contact, verb forms
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject Iranian Languages; Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-203441OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-203441DiVA: diva2:657402