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Past and Non-past Structures in the Mazandarani Dialect Spoken by the Galesh of Ziarat
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
2013 (English)In: Orientalia Suecana, ISSN 0078-6578, E-ISSN 2001-7324, Vol. 61, 199-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article1 deals with the Mazandarani dialect spoken in Ziarat, a village near Gorgan in Golestan Province,Iran. This dialect is spoken by the Galesh cow herders in this area and is to be regarded as a variant of Mazandarani, which is spoken in Mazandaran Province and neighbouring regions south of the Caspian Sea in Iran. I give a brief description of the past and non-past2 verb forms in the Ziarat dialect and show the formation of the present/future, past, and past imperfect indicative verbs in this dialect. I conclude that the formation of the non-past indicative is influenced by Persian, whereas the past indicative and past imperfect indicative follow the Mazandarani structure. However, when the past imperfect has a derivational preverb, it uses a Persian structure with a Mazandarani stem. All personal endings, except the 3SG past ending, are copied from Persian. On the whole, this hybrid dialect can basically be described as a dialect of Mazandarani, but it is affected by Standard Persian, Gorgani Persian3 and Khorasani Persian depending on the geographic situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2013. Vol. 61, 199-209 p.
Keyword [en]
Mazandarani, Galesh, Ziarat dialect, Sari dialect, Persian, language contact, verb forms
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Iranian Languages; Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-203441OAI: diva2:657402
Available from: 2013-10-18 Created: 2013-07-10 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

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