The Gnomic qatal
2013 (English)In: Orientalia Suecana, ISSN 0078-6578, Vol. 61, 5-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The present paper offers a cognitive and typological approximation to the problem of the gnomic qatal. It demonstrates that the gnomic sense of the qatal can be chained to the remaining semantic potential of the gram by making use of certain typological templates or universals, i.e. by so-called gnomic branches of the anterior path. Given that, from a cross-linguistic perfective, certain subtypes of a present perfect (inclusive,frequentative, and experiential perfects, as well as an anti-perfect) naturally generate gnomic extensions (following a development referred to as “gnomic branches”), that the dominant portion of the semantic potential of the qatal covers the domain of a perfect, and finally that all the examples of the BH gnomic qatal (if derived from active roots) may be viewed as generated in prototypical perfect contexts (the gnomic use of the qatal stems from its use as an inclusive, frequentative, experiential, and anti-perfect),the gnomic value of the gram may be cognitively (both conceptually and diachronically) chained to the remaining sphere of its semantic network by employing the “gnomic branch” linkage. In this manner,the gnomic value ceases to be aberrant and, on the contrary, becomes a fully rational component of the semantic potential of the gram. As a result, we propose a model (a map) that in a more consistent and more holistic manner represents the semantics of the entire qatal category; it accounts for all the senses, the gnomic values included.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2013. Vol. 61, 5-53 p.
Biblical Hebrew, verbal semantics, grammaticalization, cognitive linguistics
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject Semitic Languages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-203434OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-203434DiVA: diva2:657331