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"Du dör inte av att vara hungrig en stund": Människors erfarenheter kring intermittent fasta och drivkrafterna bakom denna kosthållning
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"You don’t die from being hungry for a while" : People’s experiences of intermittent fasting and the motives behind this diet (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund Intermittent fasta är ett aktuellt ämne som fått stort genomslag i Sverige. Forskningen har konstaterat att intermittent fasta kan påverka kroppsvikten och den mentala hälsan. Det har även observerats ett samband mellan intermittent fasta och förlängt liv.

Syfte Syftet med studien var att utforska vilka upplevelser och erfarenheter människor har som går eller har gått på en intermittent fasta, samt ta reda på vilka motiv och drivkrafter som influerar människor till att utöva denna kosthållning.

Metod Åtta kvalitativa intervjuer med semistrukturerad frågeguide genomfördes. Intervjuerna spelades in och transkriberades ordagrant. Datainsamlingen analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat Deltagarna ansåg att fasta bara handlade om att ta en paus från att äta. Drivkrafterna som låg bakom utövandet av intermittent fasta var framför allt viktnedgång, förändrad kroppssammansättning samt förbättrad mental och fysisk prestation. Det fanns en allmän uppfattning om att hungern var påtaglig under fastan men att den var hanterbar. Många var överens om att det kunde vara svårt att fasta vid sociala sammanhang men att det var viktigt att vara flexibel med fastan och inte bli fundamental.

Slutsats Viktnedgång var den största drivkraften till varför deltagarna utövade intermittent fasta. Dieten var något deltagarna kunde vara flexibla med, dels för att inte låta dieten styra ens liv men också för att inte avvika från de sociala normerna. Hungern sågs som en liten uppoffring för att få en kropp som stämmer överens med samhällets kroppsideal.

Abstract [en]

Background Intermittent fasting is a current topic that has had great impact in Sweden. Research has found that intermittent fasting can affect body weight and mental health. It has also been observed a correlation between intermittent fasting and a longer life.

Objective The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of people who follow or has followed an intermittent fasting, as well the motives and driving forces that influence people to practice this diet.M

ethod Eight qualitative interviews with a semi-structured interview guide were conducted. The interviews were recorded and transcribed word for word. The data collection was analyzed using a qualitative content analysis.

Results Participants believed that fasting just is about taking a break from eating. The motives behind the practice of intermittent fasting were particularly weight loss, changes in body composition and improved mental and physical performance. There was a general perception that the hunger could be apparent during the period of fasting but it was manageable. Several agreed that it could be difficult to fast in social contexts but it was important to be flexible with the fast and not to be fundamental.

Conclusion Weight loss was the major motivator as to why participants began practicing intermittent fasting. The diet was something participants could be flexible with, partly because they did not want to let the diet control their life, but also because they did not want to deviate from social norms. The hunger was considered as a small sacrifice to get a body that lived up to society's ideals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [sv]
Kvalitativ metod, intermittent fasta, diet, 5:2 metoden, 16:8 metoden, viktnedgång, sociala normer, kroppsideal.
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81624OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-81624DiVA: diva2:657255
Subject / course
Examensarbete inom dietistprogrammet
Educational program
Degree of Bachelor in Dietetics
Available from: 2013-10-30 Created: 2013-10-18 Last updated: 2013-10-30Bibliographically approved

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