Measuring acuity of the approximate number system reliably and validly: the evaluation of an adaptive test procedure
2013 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 4, 510- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Two studies investigated the reliability and predictive validity of commonly used measures and models of Approximate Number System acuity (ANS). Study 1 investigated reliability by both an empirical approach and a simulation of maximum obtainable reliability under ideal conditions. Results showed that common measures of the Weber fraction (w) are reliable only when using a substantial number of trials, even under ideal conditions. Study 2 compared different purported measures of ANS acuity as for convergent and predictive validity in a within-subjects design and evaluated an adaptive test using the ZEST algorithm. Results showed that the adaptive measure can reduce the number of trials needed to reach acceptable reliability. Only direct tests with non-symbolic numerosity discriminations of stimuli presented simultaneously were related to arithmetic fluency. This correlation remained when controlling for general cognitive ability and perceptual speed. Further, the purported indirect measure of ANS acuity in terms of the Numeric Distance Effect (NDE) was not reliable and showed no sign of predictive validity. The non-symbolic NDE for reaction time was significantly related to direct w estimates in a direction contrary to the expected. Easier stimuli were found to be more reliable, but only harder (7:8 ratio) stimuli contributed to predictive validity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 4, 510- p.
approximate number system, adaptive measure, validity, reliability, ZEST
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-209391DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00510ISI: 000331193400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-209391DiVA: diva2:657150
FunderSwedish Research Council