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Avfallshantering på byggarbetsplatser: Potential för en miljöeffektiv avfallshantering
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis concerns waste management on construction sites and was conducted on behalf of ICA Fastigheter.

Areas of concern:

  • How can an environmentally-efficient waste management system on construction sites be defined? 
  • What potential exists for exploiting the waste resources that are generated?
  • How can the waste management be optimised by reducing the quantity of waste and by optimal sorting?
  • How can the client of a project influence the waste management?

The purpose of the work was to investigate sustainable waste management in the building and construction sector and to highlight waste as a resource from an environmental and economic perspective.The aim of the work was to define an environmentally-efficient waste management system, to analyse the potential that exists in waste management and to draw up guidelines for optimal waste management.The method consisted of a literature study, two visits to construction sites and four interviews.An environmentally-efficient waste management system means that the waste is managed in the following order of priority:

  1. Prevention     
  2. Reuse  
  3. Recycling     
  4. Energy recovery
  5. Landfill     

The prevention of waste is an important area that has not been adequately explored by the building and construction industry. The quantities of waste could decrease with the implementation of measures such as ordering materials in the dimensions required, prefabricated components, logistics centres with Just-In-Time deliveries, less and improved packaging and less wrapping. The reuse of waste materials and temporary apparatus as well as the use of a return pallet system are examples of reuse that reduces the quantities of waste.

In most cases the source sorting work is a matter of course and the proportion going to landfill is down at a low level. The source sorting can be optimised by sorting all materials that can be reused and recycled to use them as a resource. The client of a project has great opportunities to influence the waste management in a sustainable direction by placing demands on the contractor. Demands can be placed on measures to reduce the quantities of waste, on a specific level of source sorting and on the reporting and monitoring of statistics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
construction waste, source sorting, waste hierarchy, environment, waste prevention, economy
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-21999OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-21999DiVA: diva2:657091
External cooperation
ICA Fastigheter
Subject / course
Environmental Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-12-12 Created: 2013-10-17 Last updated: 2013-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Avfallshantering på byggarbetsplatser(1392 kB)1851 downloads
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