Novel Technologies for Mode-Locking of Solid-State Lasers
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The subject of this thesis is the investigation of novel technologies for mode-locking of diode-pumped, solid-state lasers. Novel saturable absorbers are used: quantum dots (QDs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which both are low-dimensional nano-formations. In addition, mode-locking by cascaded nonlinearities is explored.
Absorber structures containing self-assembled InGaAs QDs are characterised in detail by pump-probe experiments, time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy, and measurement of the nonlinear reflectivity. The samples show sub-picosecond relaxation times of the reflectivity, modulation depths between 0.18% and 2.9%, as well as low saturation fluences on the order of 1–10μJ/cm2. The structures’ design parameters are related to their transient and nonlinear performance.
The characterised QD saturable absorbers are then used for mode-locking of diode-pumped, solid-state lasers, delivering picosecond pulses with optical spectra in the region of 1020–1040nm. In particular, a QD absorber with a saturation fluence of 4μJ/cm2 and a relaxation time <200fs is successfully employed for fundamental mode-locking of an Yb:KYW laser at a repetition rate of 1GHz. This laser emits pulses with a duration of 1.7ps at an output power of 339mW. Apart from this, an Yb-thin-disc laser is demonstrated, emitting pulses with a duration of 1.6ps at an output power of 13W, thereby showing, that the absorber withstands fluences of up to 2.4mJ/cm2 without being damaged.
An absorber with a linear loss of only 1% is obtained by embedding CNTs in a thin plastic film, coated onto a glass substrate. Using this absorber, mode-locking of an optically-pumped semiconductor disc-laser is achieved. The laser emits pulses with a duration of 1.12ps at a repetition rate of 613MHz and with an average output power of 136mW.
For cascaded mode-locking, a periodically-poled KTP crystal is placed inside a laser cavity and the two second-order nonlinearities from second-harmonic generation and back-conversion are used to emulate a third-order nonlinearity with an effective nonlinear refractive index of 2.33·10−17m2/W. For precise control of the nonlinearity, the laser’s spectrum is fixed to a wavelength of 1029.1nm by a volume Bragg grating. The laser emits pulses with a duration of 16ps at a repetition rate of 210MHz and with an output power of 690mW.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , xiii, 131 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2013:48
laser, mode-locked laser, pulsed laser, quantum dot, carbon nanotube, nonlinear optics, saturable absorber, Kerr-lens mode-locking, ultra-fast laser, picosecond laser, pulsed laser, semiconductor saturable absorber
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-131455ISBN: 978-91-7501-840-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-131455DiVA: diva2:656442
2013-11-05, FA32, AlbaNova Universitetscentrum, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Günter, Steinmeyer, Professor
Pasiskevicius, Valdas, Professor
QC 201310162013-10-162013-10-152013-10-16Bibliographically approved
List of papers