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På egen risk: om tillförlitlighet och osäkerhet i riskbedömningar
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Varje dag utförs riskbedömningar inom rättspsykiatri och kriminalvård. Syftet med

denna uppsats är att undersöka det vetenskapliga underlaget för riskbedömningar.

Uppsatsen inleds med en kort beskrivning av i vilka sammanhang riskbedömningar

används och den traditionella uppfattningen av hur området och instrumenten har

utvecklats. Sedan följer en genomgång av olika studier som behandlar

bedömningarnas träffsäkerhet generellt samt mellan olika generationer av

bedömningar. Därnäst redovisas och framförs kritik mot validiteten i Psychopathy

Checklist Revised (PCL-R, Hare, 1991) och dess tillämpning inom riskbedömningar.

Avslutningsvis analyseras psykopatibegreppet utifrån Ian Hackings teorier om

”human kinds” och ”loopingeffekter” och det förs en kort diskussion av tänkbara

konsekvenser av och farhågor kring användningen av PCL-R och psykopatibegreppet

generellt.

Abstract [en]

Every day, forensic risk assessments are carried out. The aim of this thesis was to

evaluate their scientific grounds. Initially, a short description of the contexts in which

risk assesments are carried out, as well as a description of the historical development

of risk assesment instruments are provided. A summary of evaluations of different

types of risk assessments and their predictive validity is presented, followed by a

critique on the validity of the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R, Hare, 1991)

and its use in risk assesments. The psychopathy construct is analysed in relation to Ian

Hacking’s theories of human kinds and looping effects and potential risks and

consequences of the application of PCL-R and the psychopathy construct are

discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
HCR-­20, Human kinds, Looping effects, PCL-­R, Psycopathy, Risk, Validity, VRAG.
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-29598OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-29598DiVA: diva2:656232
Subject / course
Kriminologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-10-15 Created: 2013-10-15 Last updated: 2013-10-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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