Sectoral Model of the Cement Industry Using Input-Output Analysis
This study assesses the effect CCS employment on the global warming impact of the European cement industry using Multi-Regional Input-Output Analysis.
For the cement sectors of the 28 European countries studied, technology and cohort distributions were established, thermal efficiency fuel input data were collected, and the capacity turnover and evolution of CO2 emissions from cement production of each country were determined. An economic life cycle inventory of CCS implementation for cement was established, and a cradle-to-gate assessment of the cement production with and without CCS implementation was performed using the EXIOBASE multi-regional input-output model for the years 2013, 2030, and 2050.
The results of the analysis show that the implementation of CCS in the European cement industry leads to an increase in the emissions embodied in cement demand for Europe as a whole compared to a scenario where CCS is not used. However, the results of global warming impact due to cement demand vary from country. This illustrates the variations in production technologies of different countries and the importance quantifying emissions embodied in trade flows of goods throughout the world economy when calculating environmental impact.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutt for energi- og prosessteknikk , 2013. , 135 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:no:ntnu:diva-22889Local ID: ntnudaim:10113OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ntnu-22889DiVA: diva2:654870
Strømman, Anders Hammer, Professor