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The Ronnie Gardiner Rhythm and Music Method – a feasibility study in Parkinson’s disease
Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Neurology. Umeå University, Sweden .
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Neurology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Neurology.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health Technology Assessment and Health Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Rheumatology.
2013 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 35, no 26, 2197-2204 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To assess the feasibility of the novel intervention, Ronnie Gardiner Rhythm and Music (RGRM™) Method compared to a control group for patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD).

Method: Eighteen patients, mean age 68, participating in a disability study within a neurological rehabilitation centre, were randomly allocated to intervention group (n = 12) or control group (n = 6). Feasibility was assessed by comparing effects of the intervention on clinical outcome measures (primary outcome: mobility as assessed by two-dimensional motion analysis, secondary outcomes: mobility, cognition, quality of life, adherence, adverse events and eligibility).

Results: Univariable analyses showed no significant differences between groups following intervention. However, analyses suggested that patients in the intervention group improved more on mobility (p = 0.006), cognition and quality of life than patients in the control group. There were no adverse events and a high level of adherence to therapy was observed.

Conclusions: In this disability study, the use of the RGRM™ Method showed promising results in the intervention group and the adherence level was high. Our results suggest that most assessments chosen are eligible to use in a larger randomized controlled study for patients with PD.

Implications for Rehabilitation

  • The RGRM™ Method appeared to be a useful and safe method that showed promising results in both motor and cognitive functions as well as quality of life in patients with moderate PD.

  • The RGRM™ Method can be used by physiotherapists, occupational, speech and music therapists in neurological rehabilitation.

  • Most measurements were feasible except for Timed-Up-and-Go.



Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2013. Vol. 35, no 26, 2197-2204 p.
Keyword [en]
Music therapy, neurological disorders, Parkinson’s disease, quality of life
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98249DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2013.774060ISI: 000328282400003PubMedID: 23480646OAI: diva2:653518



Available from: 2013-10-04 Created: 2013-10-04 Last updated: 2014-03-31

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